Fine Arts Survey/ 2nd hour
7 May 2004
Monet in the Modernism Period
Claude Monet was born in Paris, France on November 14, 1841. He was
a true leader of the modernism period. Modernism began around 1851 and
lasted to 1929. Many European groups were created such as the Realists,
Impressionists, Post-Impressionists, Symbolists, Cubists, and Surrealists.
It was a time of rapid growth economically and politically. Printed images
were becoming more widely available to the general public.
Monet grew up in Le Havre. His first occupation was a caricaturist.
Boudin, Monet’s early mentor, converted him to landscape painting. In 1859
he studied in Paris at the Atelier Suisse and formed a friendship with
Pissarro. Monet served two years of military service in Algiers. He
returned to Le Havre and met Jongkind. Monet said he owed his perception
of his eyes to Jongkind. In 1862 he entered the Gleyere in Paris. At the
Gleyere Monet met the impressionist group Manet, Renoir, and Sisley. Monet
had a deep devotion of painting the outdoors. One of his early works,
Women in the Garden, illustrates his amibituosness of beauty. The picture
is about 2.5 meters high and Monet would only paint if the lighting
conditions were perfectly ideal.
Monet took refuge with Pissaro in England during the Franco-Prussian
War. There he studied the works Constable and Turner and painted the
Thames and London parks. In 1871 Monet moved to a village,on the Siene
near Paris, named Argenteuil. Monet lived in the village of Argenteuil
painting some of his most famous and joyest works of the Impressionest
period. Also Renior, Manet, and Sisley painted in the village of
Argenteuil. In 1883 Monet resided in Giverny where he experienced extreme
poverty for a while. Monet began to prosper and by 1890 he was succesful
enough to buy a house in Giverny and marry his mistress in 1892. Monet
began to paint the famous, Haystacks or Grainstacks, and Rouen Cathedral.
Monet gave these pictures a unique quality of being painted at different
times with different daylight.
He traveled widely through Europe as his popularity grew and was even
a guest of Queen Christiana. He increasly focused all of his attention on
water garden at Giverny. This served as a theme for the series of
paintings on, Water Lilies, that earlier was a small part, but grew to
dominate his total work.
In his final years of life, terrible eyesight plagued Monet.
Miracously, Monet still worked to the best of his ability until he died.
Monet’s works are still studied today and used as examples of greatness in
the art world. Paintings that evoke emotions in the human conscience are