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Unit 308 – Understand mental well

Unit 308 – Understand mental well?being and mental health promotion 
Evaluate two different views on the nature of mental well?being and mental health:
It is a well know matter that everyone is different in their own individual ways. Therefore this means there will always be different views on things, health care workers are aware of this and are mindful of this.

Two individuals may encounter the same experience but react and have completely different feelings about the situation.

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An individual with a positive frame of mind who is care free will deal with obstacles that come up more easily, not stress or worry about everyday life (such as; getting a bus, paying for things at a counter, ordering things in a restaurant etc.). They will also think more logically when they come across obstacles in their life and deal with them calmly instead of dwelling on them. These kinds of individuals are less likely to experience mental health problems although it is still likely.

An individual with a negative frame of mind are less likely to be able to cope with obstacles and issues that may arise, their perceptions of things may impact on their mental health and wellbeing. They may feel as they have no control over their lives and feel as though they can’t make decisions for themselves and if they do then they will be wrong. If they come across an obstacle they may blame themselves for what has happened, suffer with mood swings, lack/loss of sleep, and not have an open mind about other suggestions/people. This could then result in the individual becoming socially isolated as a result of the negative thoughts. These kinds of individuals are more likely to develop mental health problems.
Explain the range of factors that may influence mental well-being across the life span:
Biological factors 
Social factors 
Psychological factors 
Emotional factors 
Biological factors
Biological factors that may influence mental well-being biologically can be things such as: family, history of illnesses and disease, and genetics, these factors can all contribute towards an individual’s mental health and wellbeing. Mental health problems such as: mood disorders, bi polar, depression and schizophrenia all affect how an individual can think, feel and behave therefore affecting their mental health and well-being.

Social factors
Social factors that may influence mental well-being include: life style, wealth, religion, education, social isolation, bullying, relationship breakdowns/toxic relationships, exclusion and discrimination, personality and attitude, employment/unemployment, substance misuse etc. All of these factors play a key part towards mental health and well-being.

Psychological/Emotional factors
Psychological factors that may influence mental well-being are things such as: being a victim of abuse whether this be childhood or later on in life, exposure to violence, neglect and trauma. Trauma as an adult such as: being involved in a serious accident, being the victim of a serious crime, military PTSD and long term health conditions are all factors that contribute to an individual’s personality, attitude, and outlook on life. If these factors are affected by a psychological factor it can have a negative affect making the individual have poor interaction with others including family and friends, influence their decision to go to recovery groups and also their social relationships.

Explain how risk factors and protective factors influence levels of resilience in individuals and groups in relation to mental well?being and mental health:
Risk factors
Risk factors include poor social relationships and inequalities. If an individual experiences inequalities this means that they would be restricted when it comes to the help and support that they receive to recover or cope with their mental illness. If they have poor social relationships this can cause them to have no friends etc and no one to turn to when they are trying to recover.

Protective factors
Professionals who can help someone with a mental illness to recover are people such as: psychiatrist, registered mental health nurse, social worker, councillor and outreach community support. If the individual chooses to engage with these people they will then be given more resources and a better social network. With the correct/positive social support and knowing the right people to contact individuals can access the help and support they may need to recover from a mental illness.
2.1 Explain the steps that an individual may take to promote their mental well-being and mental health:
There are many things an individual can do to promote their mental health and well-being but there are 5 main steps that they can take.

Step 1 – Connect – Connect with the people around you this includes, family, friends, health workers etc. Spend time developing these relationships as they won’t happen straight away.

Step 2 – Be active – This doesn’t necessarily mean going to the gym, it could mean going on a walk around where you live, bike rides, football etc are also good ways of being active. Finding an activity that they enjoy and making it a part of their lives.

Step 3 – Keep learning – Learning new kinds of skills can give a sense of achievement and can also build confidence. So signing up for new groups or new things to learn could have a positive impact on your mental health.

Step 4 – Give to others – It doesn’t have to be something huge, it can be something from a smile or some kind works to helping out in your local charity shop or community centre etc. But this can help with your mental health and also build wider social networks.

Step 5 – Be mindful – Be more aware of the things happening in the moment and your thoughts and feelings at that certain time. This can be known as “mindfulness” and it can have positive effects on how you view your life and overcome obstacles.
2.2 Explain how to support an individual in promoting their mental well-being and mental health:
2.3 Evaluate a strategy for supporting an individual in promoting their mental well?being and mental health:
2.4 Describe key aspects of a local, national or international strategy to promote mental wellbeing and mental health within a group or community:
2.5 Evaluate a local, national or international strategy to promote mental well?being and mental health within a group or community: 


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