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Suicide A Self-Destruction Suicide is the act or an instance of intentionally killing oneself. According to Emile Durkheim, suicide is applied to all cases of death resulting directly or indirectly from a positive or negative act of the victim himself, which he knows will produce this result (44). Suicide is a rarely ever a spur of the moment thing. Th Susceptibility to suicide is lowest among those who have strong community ties. Involvement in church, synagogue or temple may help the disquieted person feel that he is part of a religious fellowship bound together by ties of sympathy, love, and mutual concern. House of worship often substitute for a missing family. We this reach the conclusion that the superiority of Protestantism with respect to suicide results from its being a less strongly integrated church than a catholic church (Durkheim 159).

Grollamn noe Augustine (354-430) denounced suicide as a sin, there was no official church against it (23). Today people continue to commit suicide for a variety of reasons: Love, insanity and chronic depression. There is usually a series of events and warning sign before an attempt is made. Suicide is not spoken much and is a topic that needed to be explored. Statistics on suicide attempts changes so rapidly, that none can be stated with accuracy. Grollman write that Almost everybody at one time or another contemplates suicide. Self-destruction is one of many choices open to human beings (5).

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If one is alert and observant, there is a chance that the suicide victim can be saved. Imagine the thought of being dead. Would the world be better off without that one life? Probably not, but some people may think so. That life will be greatly issued by someone. It may even cause a person to want to commit suicide in order to join the friend that died. Imagine how it would feel if the pressures of everyday life increased greatly. Perhaps a parent, brother or sister was lost.

What if an adolescent person was arrested? How would his family and friends react to this little misfortune? Say there is a test in math or science class, and when the test came back the same person had failed it. It would seem to him to be just another failure in a series of botched attempts to further himself. It seems that the last month or two has been nothing but hardship. There is no place to go. So, he feels, there is only one thing that can help, suicide.

Man prefers to abandon life when it is least difficult (Durkheim 107). The child may think: If I where to die now, my parents would feel sorry for their meanness (Grollman 6). For days, even weeks, a plan is formulated. How does he leave the loved ones and his problems behind respectably? Finally he thinks of a plan, sleeping pills, in hopes that a final slumber will take all the nightmares of reality away for good. Klerman note that An act like this is prepared within the silence of the heart, as is a great work of art (55).

The pills are taken, after a while sleep sets in. At last, the final rest that has been so long awaited for. A blurred vision appears and slowly focuses. A white room appears, the vision gets clearer. He focuses in on details, such as an IV stand with several bags hanging on it.

The hospital room was not the expected place to awake. This attempt was just one more failure in his life. The next time he will think of a more lethal way to seek eternal peace. After the attempt. He will go to a hospital where all his actions will be monitored. In the end, a counselor is usually called in.

hopefully its will help him in the struggle to deal with life`s problems, all this done in hopes that another attempt is made. 12 % of those who attempt suicide will make a second try and succeed within two years (Grollman 73). To think all of this could have been prevented if he sought help in the beginning. To further understand suicide, we must take a look at the different reasons behind the act itself. Suicide is not a genetic disease, but rather a series of events that are very depressing or stressful. Dolce implies that For years people assume that only mental or emotional problems drove people to commit suicide (33).

Lester writes, Zimmerman et al found that depressed inpatients who had experienced more psychological stresses had also attempted suicide more (205). Without depression, most people would not attempt to take their own lives. People have been killing themselves since the beginning of recorded history. Attitudes toward suicide vary from age to age and from civilization to civilization (Grollman 17). Typically depressed patient is apt to be young woman under the age 40 (Klerman 107). While suicide remains a major source of mortality, depression is a major source of morbidity (Klerman XV).

Depression, is a vital issue in almost every suicide attempt. The victim feels very depressed and everything seems to be going the wrong way. Depression is not just sadness. Depression is a mild form mental illness which can be permanent or temporary. It can be simple things like the loss of interest in usual activities. Showing sign of sadness, hopelessness, helplessness and irritability are common in suicide victims.

If rapid changes in appetite, weight, behaviors, level of activity or sleep patterns, or loss of energy occur, one must be cognizant of the fact that these are prime warning signals. While making negative comments about one-s self can be because of lack of self esteem, it is also be something to be watched for, especially in one who seems to be purposefully putting their personal affairs in order, giving away their possessions, or has a sudden intense interest I personal wills or life insurance. ?The youth gives away all this valued books and prized phonograph records¦ (Grollman 74). If one notice a person appears to be cleaning their slate of personal incidents in the past, red warning flags should go up, particularly if this person has had suicide thoughts or fantasies, or has made previous attempts at suicide. Be familiar with a sudden change from extreme depression to being ?at peace,¦ in one who has previously been talking, writing or hinting about suicide. ?Once a person has decided to kill himself he almost always acts a little bit differently” (Grollman 74).

This list does not describe all suicidal people. ? Davidson found that 17% of a sample of drug abuser had previously attempted suicide¦ (Lester 303). Some may not show any si …


Suicide Suicide is a significant cause of death in many western countries. Attempts at suicide, and suicidal thoughts or feelings are usually a sign indicating that a person is not coping, often as a result of some event or series of events that they personally find prostrating traumatic or distressing. Most people who attempt suicide are confused about whether or not they want to die. They usually are desperate to find a way to remove or stop emotional pain. A suicide attempt is often a cry for help that ends in a tragedy. In eight out to ten suicides the person has spoken about their intent before killing themselves.

In many cases, their impact can be mitigated, or their prostrating mind will gradually decrease if the person is able to make constructive choices about dealing with the crisis when it is at its worst. In some cases exceeding deaths by motor vehicle accidents annually. Many countries spend limitless amounts of money on safer roads, but very little on suic! ide awareness and prevention, or on educating people about how to make good life choices. They need someone to take them and their emotional pain and discouragement seriously. What is usually most helpful is to encourage them to express them-selves without telling them how they should feel or think. In the vast majority of cases a suicide attemptor would choose differently if they were not in great distress and were able to evaluate their options objectively.

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Most suicidal people give warning signs in the hope that they will be rescued, because they are intent on stopping their emotional pain, not on dying. Suicidal people need friends who will listen patiently and show they care, and referral to a professional if possible. Since this can be extremely difficult, so we may be better able to recognize and help other people in crisis, and also to find how to seek help or make better choices ourselves. People usually attempt suicide to block unbearable emotional pain, which is caused by a wide variety of problems. A person attempting suicide is often so distressed that they are unable to see that they have other options. We can help prevent a tragedy by trying to understand how they feel and helping them to look for better choices that they could make. Suicidal people often feel terribly isolated because of their distress, they may not think of anyone they can turn to, furthering this isolation.

In particular, those with satisfactory professional qualifications and those who earn a normal living, appear in normal proportion.” (Adolescent Suicide, Andr* Haim. Page 166) Having suicidal thoughts does not imply that you are crazy, or necessarily mentally ill. People who attempt suicide are often acutely distressed and the vast majority are depressed to some area. This depression may be either a reactive depression which is an entirely normal reaction to difficult surroundings, or may be an sad depression which is the result of a diagnosable mental illness with other fundamental causes. It may also be a combination of the two.

The question of mental illness is a difficult one because both these kinds of depression may have similar symptoms and effects. Furthermore, the exact definition of depression as a diagnosable mental illnesses tends to be slightly flowing and inexact, so whether a person who is distressed enough to attempt suicide would be suffering from dental office depression may vary in different peoples opinions, and may also vary between cultures. On the basis of the low suicide rates in Catholic countries and among orthodox Jewish communities, McAnarney (1979) suggested that religious culture may influence the suicide rate.” (Suicide and Attempted suicide among children and Adolescents, Keith Hawton. Page 42) It is probably more helpful to characterize between these two types of depression and treat each accordingly than to simply diagnose all such depression as being a form of mental illness, even though a person suffering from a reactive depression might match the diagnostic criteria typically used to diagnose clinical depression. In a society where there is much disgrace and ignorance regarding mental illness, a person who feels suicidal may fear that other people will think they are “crazy” if they tell them how they feel, and so may be unwilling to reach out for help in a crisis.

In any case, illustrate someone as “crazy”, which has strong negative hints, probably is not helpful and is more likely to prevent someone from seeking help which may be very beneficial, whether they have a diagnosable mental illness or not. A variable percentage of suicide completers have some contact with the mental health profession, but they rarely are in treatment at the time of the suicide.” (Suicide and homicide among adolescents, Paul C. Holinger, Daniel Offer, James T. Barter, Carl C. Bell.

Page 109) People who are suffering from a mental illness or clinical depression do have significantly higher suicide rates than average, although they are still in the minority of attemptors. For these people, having their illness correctly diagnosed can mean a lot of comfort to them. Talking about the feelings surrounding suicide promotes understanding and can greatly reduce the immediate distress of a suicidal person. In particular, it is find to ask someone if they are considering suicide, if you suspect that they are not coping. If they are feeling suicidal, it can come as a great relief to see that someone else has some insight into how they feel.

The most appropriate way to raise the subject will differ according to the situation, and what the people involved feel comfortable with. It is also important to take the persons overall response into consideration when interpreting their answer, since a person in distress may initially say “no”, even if they mean “yes”. A person who is not feeling suicidal will usually be able to give a comfortable “no” answer, and will often continue by talking about a specific reason they have for living. It can also be helpful to ask what they would do if they ever were in a situation where they were seriously consi! dering killing themselves, in case they become suicidal at some point in the future, or they are suicidal but don’t initially feel comfortable about telling you. Talking completely about how to commit suicide can give ideas to people who feel suicidal, but have not thought about how they did do it yet.

Media reports that concentrate solely on the method used and ignore the emotional backdrop behind it can tend to encourage copy-cat suicides. Suicide is often extremely traumatic for the friends and family members that remain, even though people that attempt suicide often think that no-one cares about them. In ad …


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