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Samiramis And Zenobia

.. ce, had a knowledge in Latin, Greek, and hieroglyphics. She took the famous Faotegenes as her teacher, and she knew a lot about Homers and Plato, as she was a familiar with their books. As we said, Zenobia was famous for her beauty and she was known for being courageous, brilliant and intelligent. For instance, she used to follow her husband to the forest during the hunt season, and she was never afraid of the fierce animals like lions and tigers.

It is also known that she helped her husband gain the wars he made. She wasn’t a weak woman, and she denied her feelings. When she governed, she showed her people all the love she had, and treated them as she was dealing with her children. She had a strange monetary policy, as she used to spend huge sums of money on poets, philosophers, and artists. In addition, she used to bring them from their native countries, and let them live next to her.

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Zenobia reigned in Palmyra. Her place resembled to paradise on earth. It contained huge gardens and buildings. All the streets were clean. Her residence used to be like a small city, it had a temple called the temple of the sun, having in its centre countless numbers of pyramids. Near the temple was her castle which was as big as a big city.

As time went by, Zenobia added to her husband’s territories Egypt; therefore, her occupations were expanded from the Euphrates river till the Mediterranean sea, including Jerusalem, Antioch, and Damascus. The Roman emperor did not want to consider her as a real queen. This is why he sent his army to her so many times, but each time, they were defeated. But when Lucus Domitius Aurelian became the Roman Emperor, he decided to defeat Zenobia, and he denied the fact that a woman would still be an ally of Rome. Therefore, he sent his army towards Palmyra to attack it and to face Zenobia, who used to call herself Augustia, referring to the good relationship with Rome.

When Zenobia heard of Aurelian’s plans, she was prepared to face him. She knew about his approach as she was hunting. Therefore, she came back to her town, hoping to defeat him. The servant of the Aurelian army told Zenobia that she should give back the Roman empire all the territories she took, such as Egypt and Syria, as they were Roman territories. He declared that the case was not the same as it had been before Aurelian’s reign. Everything should change. Zenobia would not be allowed anymore to wear Roman clothes, or have any alliances with them. After listening to what the servant said, Zenobia got furious, and she told him that she was not going to give up the territories she had, only to please Aurelian, and she declared that she was hoping and planning to have a larger and a more expanded empire.

After what she said, she took her army to confront Aurelian’s one, and they had a big battle in which she lost. After the battle, Aurelian declared that Zenobia was really a strong woman, who should be honoured and he added by saying that he was very pleased for having met a woman like her . Then, Aurelian and his army took the city of Palmyra, and they captured Zenobia. This latter, not accepting her defeat, gave up eating, thus she killed herself so she won’t see what her destiny as a slave in Aurelian’s palace would leave to her . As we can see is that we are dealing here with two women Samiramis and Zenobia .

The first one Samiramis, lived in the period known as the ancient history, whereas Zenobia lived before 260 A.D. a period of history known as the new period in history. What should be noticed is that these two women aren’t ordinary ones , they didn’t have an ordinary life , but they contributed in the life and fate of many others . Both , Samiramis and Zenobia were wives to famous kings (and both of them were very beautiful) , and when their husbands died , they both were the ones who took the power and ruled the country and they spread the news of their reign . In addition, Samiramis let herself have the king’s ring in her finger, whereas Zenobia did put on the king’s crown .

Each one had some political values and norms, Zenobia wanted to enlarge her territories and to expand her lands. In the same way Samiramis wanted to immortalise her image to her people that’s why she asked to build the great garden of Babylon . In addition , she conquered a lot of territories and proved that she had the strength of a great warrior. And we can add that Zenobia used to spend a lot of money for the intellectuals so she is a person who loved educated people therefore she loved education . We can say briefly that these two women had a similar life as ruler of a country , and what is important to say is that both of them killed themselves while feeling defeat. Samiramis felt the defeat when she found that her son rejected her and took over the power, and Zenobia felt the same and killed herself while being a slave at the Indian prince .

Both of them couldn’t bare the idea of defeat after being at the top of their reign . Or we may consider that they don’t like from their people to see them like this after having a enormous strength and power. Finally what is to say that I’m not being sexist while choosing two important women to talk about in this project . But it is important to prove that women since ancient times did have a certain power and they did contribute in history . These two women are considered to be role models as their legend or story is still popular . and as we said that it is people who make the role models , well, Samiramis and Zenobia are important role models that had an influence on people especially on women who took these two as an example and that try to imitate them and let women have an important role in life.


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