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Roosevelt On January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, New York Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born. James Roosevelt, Franklin’s father, was a prosperous railroad official and landowner (Lawson 25). Hispredecessors, when they came from the Netherlands, were succes Roosevelt learned from private tutors, not going to school until the age of fourteen. He had already studied German, Latin and French by the time he had started school(Freidel 6). Sailing, bird hunting and stamp collecting were among his hobbies. On his In 1896, at the age of fourteen his parents sent him away to Groton, Massachusetts, to a private, boys only, boarding school.

He was not very popular among the students, but was respected by his peers and was never the object of pranks pulled by the ol From there, Roosevelt went on to enter Harvard in 1900. There too Roosevelt remained an average student, making it through with a C average most of the time(Hacker 19). At Harvard, his social activities took preference over his academic pursuit and the In 1903 Roosevelt graduated from Harvard and entered the Columbia Law School. He dropped out in his third year after passing the New York bar examination(Hacker 24). Soon after, Roosevelt started practicing law with a New York law firm. While still in law school, Roosevelt met Anna Eleanor Roosevelt a distant cousin, only a few years younger than him(Alsop 28). They were married on St.

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Patrick’s day, March 17th, 1905(Freidel 13). He was twenty-three and she was twenty-one. Her fathe A few years later in 1910, Roosevelt accepted the Democratic nomination for the New York State Senate(Freidel 17). He won the elections, and in the following January he entered the Senate at the young age of twenty-eight(Freidel 18). Later in 1912 he ra In July of 1921, while vacationing at Campobello Island, he went sailing with his children.

One day, they saw, what appeared to be a forest fire, on a nearby island they quickly sailed to shore to help put out the fire. It took a couple of hours and w was able to walk in the pool unaided. His disease, poliomyelitis, had affected him on land but in the water he was as quick as anyone. In 1926 he bought Warm Springs for $200,000(Hacker 40). In 1927 he contributed two-thirds of his wealth(Freidel 47) a His physical disabilities didn’t hinder his climb of the political ladder. In 1928 Roosevelt ran for governor of New York and won the election with a large margin.

One of his main goals was that the state should own the electric companies and other util In October of 1929, when Roosevelt was still Governor, the stock market suddenly collapsed. This caused nation-wide panic. Grain and cotton prices dropped tremendously due to an overabundant supply, and many farmers were out of jobs. Rapidly, people w Roosevelt did not run for the presidency in 1928 because that year, most of the country was in favor of a Republican candidate for president. Four years later in 1932, a week before his fiftieth birthday, Roosevelt announced his candidacy for president Through his campaign speeches he preached of a ‘New Deal’ for the American people, one that would lift them out of the depression. Now he was going to fulfill his promise.

Roosevelt did not sit back and watch the country take itself out of a depression. Guests would be permitted to reopen and those that could not, wouldn’t. Banks that couldn’t meet withdrawals requests would, together with federal aid, meet the withdrawal demands(Lawson 48). Of the nineteen thousand banks, only about twenty-four hundred Like he said in campaign speeches, “If I were elected President, my first step would be to mobilize the country for war on unemployment”(Woolf). This is exactly what he started to do.

Another main bill passed in the hundred days was the Civilian Conserv He also signed into law one of the most important laws that today helps back up our bank system. Until that time there was no insurance to cover for banks that went bankrupt or collapsed. The Banking Act of 1933 changed all of this. The government put a He also accomplished many things, which greatly boosted the economy. He reduced the 1934 federal budget by 13%.

Although he often spoke that the American Navy and Marines should be the best in the world, he was not hesitant in cutting the 1934 defense bud On August 14, 1935 he signed into law the Social Security Act. This act offered protection to the needy and old through pensions and public aid, and promoted unemployment insurance. He ran again for a second term in 1936 against Alfred M. Landon of Kansas and beat him by well over eleven million of the popular vote, and won 523 out of the total 531 electoral votes, the biggest landslide since James Monroe defeated John Quincy Adams Again he ran for a third term in 1940 against Henry A. Wallace.

He beat his opponent 449 to 82 in the electoral voting. He ran for last time in 1944, and won again with an easy margin. On March 30, 1945, Roosevelt returned to Warm Springs to take a rest from the presidency. On April 12 the only president in American history to serve more than two terms had died. He served his people more than twelve years and had now taken his final road. Bibliography Alsop, Joseph, FDR, A Centenary Rememberance, The Viking Press, New York, 1982.

Hacker, Jeffrey H., Franklin D. Roosevelt, Franklin Watts, New York, 1983. Freidel, Frank, A Rendezvous With Destiny, Little, Brown and Company, Boston, 1990. Lawson, Don, FDR’s New Deal, Thomas Y. Crowell, New York, 1974. Woolf, S.J., Thomas Depicts the Socialist Utopia, New York Times Magazine, July 24, 1932, The New York Times Company.


He first tried the law profession by enrolling in Columbia University. He did
not enjoy it and soon left school. He published his first book in 1882 it was
entitled The Naval War of 1812. He had begun work on it while still at
Harvard. Then Teddy decided that he would try a career in politics. His first
position was on the state assembly in the state of New York. He ran as a
republican and won the position easily. At this position he did two major
things: first he exposed a corrupt judge and secondly he learned to work with
men from both parties. Instead of going for a second term of legislature he
decided that he would go to the Republican National Convention in Chicago.
He went as the chairman for the New York delegation.
While Roosevelts professional life was flourishing his personal life was
not in very good shape. In 1884 both his wife and mother died. His wife died
while giving birth to their daughter, Alice. Roosevelt would take a break from
politics and form the Elkhorn ranch on the Little Missouri River in the Dakota
Territory. On his ranch he led the life of a cowboy. He would round up cattle
and ride horses all day. It was a good break for Roosevelt. One story tells of
Roosevelt capturing three thieves and holding them at gun point for 6 days
until they reached the proper authorities. Also during this time Roosevelt
wrote 2 more books (Hunting Trips of a Ranch Man and Thomas Hart Benton)
and fell in love with Edith Kermit Carow.On December 2, 1886 Roosevelt and
Carow went to London to be married.When they returned to the United
States Roosevelt set his mind back on politics.

He was very active in the presidential campaign of 1888 when Benjamin
Harrison defeated Grover Cleveland. Roosevelt believed in hiring government
workers on their skills not based on their party affiliation. At the time the
winner of the race would hire every one that had helped them win the race
even if they were not qualified for the position. Harrison would award his
efforts by appointing him the U.S. Civil Services Commissioner. As
commissioner he would continue to challenge patronage.He did such a
good job that when Cleveland beat Harrison for reelection he kept him as Civil
Services Commissioner. In 1895 Roosevelt would return to New York City to
take the position of Police Commissioner. He would battle police corruption
and try to reform the police department in his years as commissioner. He
would then become Assistant Secretary of the Navy.
In 1898 after the U.S. had declared war on Spain Roosevelt resigned
from his position so he could form what would become known as the Rough
Riders.While in Cuba Teddy would gain fame in the papers for his daring
and intelligence in battle. After the war he would be elected governor of New
York. Soon afterward New York Senator Thomas Platt would convince him to
run with McKinley as Vice President. McKinley won but eight days later he
was shot and Roosevelt became President of the United States.

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One of the major things Roosevelt did as President was come up with
what he called the Square Deal. In this Square Deal he planned that
everyone would be treated the same and that the rich should not be given
special privileges that the poor were not given. One of Roosevelts more
famous quotes was Speak softly but carry a big stick. The big stick was the
Another major accomplishment of Roosevelts administration was the
building of the Panama Canal which he would supervise during his time in
office. In 1904 he would be elected to his second term in office. He defeated
Alton B. Parker, a judge who was from New York. During his second term in
office he would establish the Pure Food and Drug Act which prevented food
that could potential harm you from being sold. He also started major
conservation projects to help save forest land and also establish National
In the election of 1908 Roosevelt would not run for the Presidency
because he earlier had promised not to run for a third term. This left the
Republican slot for president open. It was filled with William Taft who with
Roosevelts backing would wind the presidency.

Later in 1912 after Taft had enraged him, Roosevelt decided to run for
the presidency again. On his campaign tour while in Milwaukee someone
attempted to assassinate him. He survived and pressed on but he would lose
the race to democrat Woodrow Wilson. He spent most of the rest of his life
campaigning and helping the Republican party. He did take a break to go on
a journey down the Amazon River. This would contribute to his failing health
and he would die in his sleep at his home in Oyster Bay.

Whitney, David C. The American Presidents. Doubleday, 6th ed., 1986.
Great Lives from History: American Series. Ed. by Frank N. Magill. 5v.

Salem, 1987.
Encarta 98 Teddy Roosevelt.


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