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Romeo And Juliet

Romeo And Juliet The tragedy of Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare is the most famous love story ever written. But this love had a fatal flaw, it had to end with death. Now people can argue either way why they died, was it fate of free will. But maybe a more important question is . .

. . . .why they had to die? In the death of Romeo and Juliet it’s true that free will did have a remarkably small part. The fact that they decided to get married in the first place presented many problems.

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A chose that Juliet made was to take the sleeping potion given to her by Friar Laurence. It was supposed to make sleep for 42 hour, but it was also going to give the elution that Juliet was dead. Romeo was going to hear about the whole plan form Friar Laurence through a letter (558). Another account of free will during the play was when Romeo decided to go to Juliet in Verona after being banished. He decided to go to Verona because of the news he received form Baltasar about Juliet lying dead in the Capulet tomb.

When Romeo hear the news he responded with the following, “Well Juliet, I will lay with thee tonight.” (572). The fact that free will didn’t kill these two star – crossed lovers leaves fate as the murder. Fate first kicked in when their eyes first met at the Capulet party. They spoke, they wooed contentment was flouting through the air (503). But that happiness didn’t last long, the reason for this was the fight that sparked between Mercutio, Tybalt and Romeo.

During the course of the fight Tybalt killed Mercutio, then Romeo killed Tybalt in anger. Benvolio explains what happened that afternoon to the Prince. “Underneath whose arm an envious thrust from Tybalt hit the life of stout Mercutio, and then Tybalt fled, but by and by came back to Romeo, who had newly entertained revenge, and to ‘t they go like lightning. For ere I could draw to part them was stout Tybalt slain, and as he fell, did Romeo turn and fly (534). But an even larger set back occurred when Lord Capulet decided that he would marry his daughter (Juliet) to Paris. He changed the date from a few years to a few days.

This created a problem because Juliet was already married to Romeo and was quite happy. The other half of the problem came in with the fact that Juliet couldn’t tell her father of the marriage, and when she wouldn’t consent to marrying Paris he became outraged (545). Problems grew after Juliet took the sleeping potion, and the letter informing Romeo about what was going on, never made it to Mantua. The letter stated that Juliet wasn’t dead and that she would wake in 42 hours. The reason the letter never reach Romeo was that Friar John, who was supposed to deliver couldn’t because he was quarantined after visiting some ill people.

At that point no one would come and get the letter from him to deliver it because they did want to get sick aswell. (573). The final argument for fate killing Romeo and Juliet was Romeo killed himself before Juliet woke up. Romeo’s lasted word were, “Here’s to my love [drinks the poison] O true apothecary! Thy drugs are quick. Thus with a kiss I die.” (578).

While Juliet’s look at death was quite similar with her last words were, “Yea, noise? Then I’ll be brief. O happy dagger! [Snatching Romeo’s dagger] This is my sheath. [Stabs herself] There rust, and let me die. [Falls on Romeo’s body and dies.] (579). The whole idea that Romeo and Juliet were killed by fate was summed up in this statement that the Prince made at the end of the play. “A glooming peace this morning with it brings, the sun for sorrow will not show his head.

Go hence, to have more talk of these sad things, some shall be pardoned and some punished. For never was a story of more woe than this of Juliet and her Romeo.” (584).

Romeo and Juliet

In this essay, I will examine and describe the relationships of Juliet – the sweet girl who is in love with Romeo, Nurse – who is the minder of Juliet, Mercutio – Romeos dear friend and Tybalt- who is an enemy of Romeo. These characters are all from the play Romeo and Juliet, which is written by William Shakespeare.
Juliet is a young, beautiful teenager who is aged 14. Juliet is set to marry Paris because of her mother, father and the nurse who think that Paris should be a good husband. Veronas summer hath not such a flower…Nah, hes a flower, in faith a very flower (Pg 55). This quote shows that the nurse and Lady Capulet greatly admire Paris and think he is very handsome.
When Juliet first meets Romeo, they fall instantly in love and they decide to get married, but Juliet discovers that Romeo is a Montague. Tis, but thy name is my enemy…thou art myself, through not a Montague. This quote shows, even though Romeo is a Montague she still loves him and she is willing to give up her name as a Capulet to be with Romeo.
Tybalt is a fiery character who loves a good fight. This is a contrast to Juliet’s character as Juliet is very kind and loving and Tybalt is a very evil man who loves fighting. Tybalt is Juliets cousin and a Capulet. I think this is why he holds a grudge against Romeo because they are from rivalling families. Tybalt has no sense of fun and is often too serious. There are many similarities between Lord Capulet and Tybalt because both characters have the same beliefs and are very up front. Tybalt is also a family man who honours family members and tradition.
The nurse is a middle-aged carer. She is a carer for Juliet and looks after her. Mr and Mrs Capulet pay her to look after Juliet when they are not present. The nurse is a loving character, who acts like a mother to Juliet. However, her marriage opinion differs from that of Lady Capulet.
Mercutio is Romeos friend he is a true friend to Romeo. Mercutio is very humorous and loves to joke. He is very loyal to his true friend Romeo. This loyalty is shown when Mercutio dies for his friend. Tybalt and Mercutio have a big rivalry and are always fighting, as a result Mercutio dies fighting with Tybalt. This big rivalry is finally, unleashed when Mercutio is killed. This fight began because of Romeo as Mercutio was standing up for him. This shows Mercutios loyalty.


As well as being similar, all the characters are different from one another; characters like Tybalt and the nurse do not know each other that well. Tybalt and the nurse do not meet in the play. On the other hand, Juliet and the nurse who have a good relationship and talk regularly in the play. This is very contrasting in side the Capulet family, as many of the family members do not have a very close relationship such as Juliet and Tybalt. Juliet and Tybalt do not have a close relationship, as they are cousins they do know of each other but are not very fond of each other. Juliet and Mercutio have a good relationship because Romeo is in love with Juliet, so Mercutio is always hearing of all of Romeos love problems with Juliet.
Tybalt and the Nurse never speak to each other but do know of each other because their friends have spoken of them.
Shakespeare portrays each character differently, in the way they speak in the play. He uses different types of languages for each character. Shakespeare describes Juliet as a helpless, young, love truck girl. In the play, Juliet speaks in prose as someone who is lost in a big world. Juliet talks a lot about Romance. Oh, Romeo, Romeo wherefore art thou Romeo. This quote tells us she is a young and madly in love Romeo.

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The nurse talks as if she is the mother in the play and as a substitute to Lady Capulet. As we know already, she acts as a mother towards Juliet. Thou wast the prettiest baby that eer I nursed. This quote tells us that the nurse is a dedicated and loving mother. The nurse is also portrayed as a mother who thinks she knows best for the child. This shown when the nurse tries to persuade Juliet to marry Paris for her own good.
The nurse is also a very low class woman; we can tell this by the way that she speaks in the play. The nurse speaks in prose and not in verse. This means that the nurse is in a lower class, which means she is of a lower status. This may mean that the nurse feels insecure and will show her feelings towards the last person she talks to, this is shown when she is talking to Lady Capulet. Lord, Lord, she will be joyful women. At this point, the Nurse is obviously thrilled that Juliet is marrying Romeo.
However, later in the play the nurses opinion has changed. O Tybalt, Tybalt, the best friend I had…these griefs, these woes, these sorrows. This shows the change in opinion, this opinion is not her opinion but a biased view to what Lady Capulet is thinking.
Tybalt is always talking about fighting or getting into a brawl, which is why Shakespeare portrays Tybalt as someone who talks his mind and very directly. We see this fiery character in act 1 scene 1, where Tybalt and Benvolio are fighting. Talks of peace, I hate the word, as I hate hell, and hate thee. These quotes show how Shakespeare portrays Tybalt in the play. This fighting attitude is also reflected with his grudge against the Montagues and how he treats their family.
Shakespeare describes Mercutio as a fun and humorous character but who is willing to fight for his pride. Nay, gentle Romeo, we must have you dance…If love be rough with you, be rough with love. These quotes show us how Mercutio makes everything into a joke but still gives good advice. This quote also shows me that Mercutio thinks that Romeo should not be in love if it brings so much pain. This shows that Mercutio has a serious side but does not like to bring it out.
Romeo and Juliet contain tragedy as the main genre. The book Romeo and Juliet was written in 1567 and performed first at 1595. When the play was written, the play related to the social ideals of the time. The social ideals where performed in the play when young Juliet had a fixed marriage to Paris. This was very common at the time in 1595.
The importance of the relationships in the play are evident. Romeo and Juliets relationship is the most important because the whole play is based around these characters. The purpose of these two characters is to guide the audience through love, drama and of course tragedy. Shakespeare has put these characters in the play because it keeps the audience interested and intrigued. These characters die in the play to reflect the mood of the play. Romeo dies in the play after swallowing some poison. Juliet dies in the play after she stabs herself with a dagger after finding out that Romeo has killed himself. Mercutio dies when he is killed after protecting Romeo.
Romeo then gets his own back when he kills Tybalt. The whole plot is over exaggerated with all the rivalries, deaths and love stories in the play.
The nurse does not die in the play because she is one of the main characters. If Shakespeare does kill her off the play would not survive because she is the mother of the play and a cheerful character who knows almost everyone in the play.
The experience of the characters is very telling. The more experienced characters are less hasty in their decisions. An example of this is when Juliet drinks the poison, after finding Romeo dead. If Juliet was older at this time, she may not have made the same decisions. O happy dagger, this is thy sheath they rust, and let me die. The characters are very young this is shown in their immaturity. The way that the characters act is very love struck. This is shown in the way they feel the pair have to get married.
Some of the characters talk a lot to each other including Juliet and the nurse. These two characters talk in prose. When Romeo and Juliet talk, they talk very romantically and in verse. If the did not know each other there would be no love or hate between the families. This feud is because of an ancient grudge between the Capulet and the Montagues. This ancient feud has been between the Montague’s and the Capulet for years before Juliet and Romeo fell in love.
The four characters relationships have a huge effect on the audience. The plot of Romeo and Juliet would not be the same without these characters because each of these characters plays a big part in the play. Juliet plays the biggest part and without her, the plot would fall apart because no one would be in love.
In conclusion, at the end of the play the four characters have had a big effect on the play. It is understood that Juliet played the most important role because she is the lover of Romeo.
Secondly, I think the nurse had a big impact on the audience because she is stuck in the middle of Romeo and Juliet and she is a big gossip. Finally, Tybalt and Mercutio have a very big effect on the play, as Tybalt is the character who gets Romeo banished from Verona.
The catastrophe of Romeo, Juliet, Tybalt and Mercutio dying has a large effect on the flow of the play. The deaths also change the reactions and thoughts of some of the characters.
Shakespeare is trying to send out the message of peace and harmony to the Elizabethan audience. Shakespeare does this by showing Love, rivalry and Death. There is love in the play because of Romeo and Juliet. There is rivalry because of the Capulet and Montague feud that has raged on for many years. The final message is death of Romeo and Juliet. All these factors are important because the theatre shows where the only source of entertainment in those times and for most the only education.

Romeo and Juliet

Analyse the Dramatic Effect of Act 1 Scene 5 in Romeo and Juliet’ commenting on Shakespeare’s Use of Stagecraft and Language
T
here are several techniques exemplified in Act 1 Scene 5 that bring around numerous emotions among the audience. These can promote a variety of reactions, sometimes humorous, others gut-wrenching. Either way, all the techniques illustrate to the spectators how illustrious this play, based upon two intense lovers and the extremes that they pass through to withhold their passion, can be.


To begin with, Romeo and Juliet’ begins with an exhilarating prologue consisting of various forms of word play to produce a synopsis of the upcoming play. After finishing, this prologue’ leaves the audience awaiting the forthcoming after formulating vivid perceptions in their head, or perhaps even frustrated that the whole play has been revealed. This places knowledge of the upcoming play in the spectators’ minds.

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To understand why Shakespeare decided to use this absurd technique that nowadays would be considered to ruin the play from some points of view, one must trace back to the conditions inside theatres way back in the 16th Century.


Usually, theatre wasn’t really reserved for the higher class’ people for it was the only form of entertainment. People would be found standing, not seated, in a central ring. These conditions usually result in the audience conversing rather then devoting their attention to what was about to be performed in front of them. Hence, Shakespeare produced a clever technique that grips the spectators. When words such as mutiny’ boom across a hall back in Shakespeare’s era, the males were most probably intrigued by the prospect of violence and sword fights.


This perception of hate, evil and struggling paints a colourful, if not bloody prospect in the audiences’ imagination. This no doubt produces a lust to see and hear the inevitable bloodshed. Through lines such as Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.’ the audience can infer that the upcoming will involve the taking of lives. This is further substantiated by lines like Doth with their death bury their parents’ strife.’ clearly displaying that the two lovers Romeo and Juliet are going to die simply through the cold word, death. The audience is further captivated and seek more detail. Shakespeare has achieved this much, but not everyone attends the theatre for pure blood and gore.


To satisfy this issue, Shakespeare introduces the theme of love into the prologue. However, the way he uses this theme is very sophisticated, because of the simple fact that this play was a tragedy. The prologue couldn’t possibly be entirely hugs and kisses, or the entire plot could crumble. Instead, he places love related lines alongside the evil lines. Somewhat like a comparison, or maybe even an equation; to solve hate, one must love, yet this love can involve the most heinous cruelty before a result is achieved. Lines such as The fearful passage of their death-marked love’ clearly demonstrate this view. If one is to examine the above, they can see that the negative issue, the death of Romeo and Juliet is present through the love they have for each other. The text before this line informs us that Romeo and his Juliet are from opposite families, and would naturally hold hate against each other. This tells us why these lovers must dread a fearful passage’, for there are great threats present.


At the time, the passion that was foretold was supposedly highly controversial, for relationships, rather then be blossoming with love, would be arranged. Hence, the audience is again captivated to know how two people could risk their dignity to place themselves in the position they have.


With the bringing together of these two highly evocative and powerful emotions into one context, Shakespeare increases the integrity of his work, by capturing everyone in some way that they somehow become desperate to witness the upcoming scenes. One questions why this play seems to have a negative atmosphere placed about it, even at such an early stage. It is through human nature’s natural empathising abilities that one is forced to ponder about what happened to these lovers that could have been so happy.


Act 1 Scene 5 is like a junction in the play, where all these themes in the prologue seem to meet and wrap together; hence, the audience is deeply focused at this scene so they can answer the questions they had in the prologue. How is it that these two absurd, individual characters came about to meet. All the answers lie here.


I
n Act 1 Scene 5, the play’s central characters are all brought together; friends and foes alike. The effect of this is immense, with the ferocious Tybalt alongside Romeo on the same stage. Yet there is the harmony between the two, the wonderful Juliet who seems to be a splinter of peace between the two colossal forces bred of hate.


This Scene leads to some dramatic consequences from the events that arose at this party. For example, the death of Mercutio was through Tybalt’s awareness of Romeo’s presence at the party. Tybalt intended to kill Romeo later, but Mercutio was murdered in Romeo’s place when he backed down from the fight.


As in the prologue, one can see the opposite forces, love and hate, positioned side by side, or rather opposite each other in a situation where only one of these powerful feelings can show its presence. It is perfectly justifiable to see Romeo flirting as that was the intention of the party. This is because without knowledge of who the intruder’ is the actions would be mutual among the guests. However, if Tybalt was to strike Romeo at any point, then the honour of the Capulets would dip, especially when they have been threatened by the Prince to not commit an act of similar nature.


When the audience witnesses Tybalt’s extreme rage, a sudden eerie atmosphere is added to the already tense environment. To start with, Romeo and his companions should not be at the party, and it is terrible if, of all people, Tybalt becomes aware of their presence. One may assume that there is going to be a large row possibly resulting in someone’s death. Who?’ remains the question.


In one corner, you hear Romeo muttering his feelings for Juliet, such as Beauty too rich for use, for earth too dear!’ whereas Tybalt is steaming away. The audience is taken aback by the grave danger Romeo is placing himself in. Some may believe his time is almost up as they were told in the prologue, that Romeo will inevitably die at some point in the play. This builds up a sense of suspense among the audience.


Other people may recognise this Scene as the point where Romeo and Juliet are brought together, their love is blossoming, keeping in mind the fact that hate has brought these two together. It seems somewhat ironic how opposites of this extreme attract.


S
hakespeare’s language is one of the most effective dramatic techniques used in this play. The language he uses is unparalleled involving some intense word play that can create atmospheres of all sorts of natures.


To start with, one can examine the extended vocabulary Romeo uses in his soliloquy at the party. His first line, O, she doth teach the torches to burn bright:’ immediately shows us how outstanding Juliet is to Romeo, as how she is brighter then a flame and that she could in fact teach the torches to burn bright.
This is only a mere example. Romeo is continually making comparisons about Juliet’s beauty against dull subjects. In the gloom of the masked ball, Juliet is like a white angel, pure and fresh. For example, Romeo describes Juliet As a rich jewel in an Ethiop’s ear’. Ethiop is an Ethiopian, and Ethiopians are generally very dark skinned, perhaps the darkest in the world. Put aside a rich jewel such as a diamond, one would see a striking contrast. It is in this way that the text suggests that Juliet stands out so much against the other masked guests at the ball.


Romeo’s soliloquy is most definitely a sonnet. This is suggested by its fourteen lines in length and the fact that it is constructed upon an iambic pentameter (ten beats/syllables per line); there is also a regular rhyme scheme (A-B-A-B-C-D-C-D-E-F-E-F-G-G). Sonnets are usually love poems, so it is justified why Shakespeare decided to use this type of poetry writing.


When Romeo and Juliet kiss, the language is densely descriptive for several reasons. If Romeo was to touch Juliet it would be considered disrespectful, so a kiss would be beyond the word controversial. Hence, Shakespeare focuses a lot of attention upon this very moment.


From the text, one can infer that this kissing scene is sacred. The way lips are symbolically made out to be pilgrims’ travelling to their Saint, which is Juliet’s body on some holy journey to a shrine. The journey is passion and the shrine is the pure Juliet herself. Lines such as My lips, two blushing pilgrims’ and For saints have hands that pilgrims’ hands do touch,’ clearly show this view. This part of the text only describes the kissing of Juliet’s hand, to smooth that rough touch’ that Romeo’s hands made upon Juliet’s hands.


The kiss itself was Romeo’s attempt at purifying himself and Juliet subjects to this, labelling it as the answer to a prayer. The following lines show this:
Juliet – Saints do not move, though grant for prayers’ sake.

Romeo – Then move not, while my prayer’s effect I take.

He kisses her
Thus from my lips by thine my sin is purged.’
Here, Juliet is saying that Saint’s grant prayers, knowing well enough what Romeo longs for, and subsequently his prayer is answered. Juliet later says that she herself has been coated in this sin, and Romeo kisses her again to purify her. This shows the audience what Romeo believes of Juliet hand how she is regarded as a virgin life form, much like an angel.


Meanwhile, whilst Romeo and Juliet are engaged, Tybalt’s rage can only multiply as he watches Romeo enjoying himself at the party however unto his Tybalt’s knowledge that Romeo was dragged to the party against his will. To convey this to the audience Tybalt’s language starts to rhyme. When it does, its impact is several times more effective. For example, when Tybalt says:
A villain that is hither come in spite,
To scorn at our solemnity this night’ and
I will withdraw, but this intrusion shall,
Now seeming sweet, convert to the bitterest gall.’
These lines most definitely imply Tybalt’s extreme rage to Romeo’s presence at the Capulet mansion. Each rhyme sounds as though immense pressure is being placed on it, as though the words were being said through bitter frustration and agony. One can picture an annoyed person violently spitting out these words. If one examines what Tybalt is saying, they can see how angry he is, when he mentions Now seeming sweetgall.’ Tybalt is saying how he will get his revenge for Romeo’s appearance at the party, and his withdrawal from killing Romeo was all in withholding the Capulet’s honour, which won’t last for ever.


R
omeo and Juliet’ includes many devices which capture the audience’s attention from start to finish. This was absolutely crucial, for as I have mentioned before, in Shakespeare’s time, the audience would be found standing, so it would be only natural for ones attention to drift as they would be standing for two whole hours. SO it would be absolutely essential to sustain the audiences’ attention.


To begin with, Shakespeare maintains a flow of writing that is intriguing in every aspect. It contains vivid description so that a clear picture can be painted visually as well as physically on stage. Examples exist within Romeo’s sonnet-like soliloquy, which itself is a dramatic technique. Lines such as So shows a snowy dove trooping with crows,’ produce a clear comparison between Juliet and the other dancers.


The fact that all the dancers at the ball were mask builds up a lot of tension, due to the fact that no one knew who was who and the chances of two foes crossing each other was extremely high. This supposedly created as stir among the audience and intrigued them further so that they could witness what happened.


Soliloquies are ways of conveying to audiences what exactly is running through the character’s head. Today it is a rare technique due to the electronic devices available. Yet in Shakespeare’s time, these computer generated electronic voiceovers were unavailable and narration is a poor dramatic technique if not performed well. A soliloquy can be crucial; for one’s thought can affect the repercussions throughout the rest of the play. This fact probably meant the audience strained themselves to hear what one was speaking; hence, they could attain a greater understanding of why some of the events that happened in the incredible prologue actually happened.


There is an element of irony, that two enemies could be brought together without prior knowledge, or actually attacking each other. Instead, one member of the enemy falls for the beauty of the opposing side. This mockery creates a tension of what the after-effects of this could be. Will the embarrassment of loving the enemy trigger more bloodshed, or will the two families become neutral?
A
fter examining Romeo and Juliet, one can clearly see how Shakespeare has effectively used his divisive techniques to formulate a play that is so enchanting and emotionally capturing that it is hard to look away from what is going on during the exhilarating performance, say at the theatre.


Shakespeare constantly engages the viewer through the tension he builds by placing his characters in eerie situations and formulating a negative conclusion throughout the play whilst suspending an element of hope especially towards the end when the time has come for Romeo and his Juliet to inevitably die. This suspense is a naturally enjoyable experience for most people, as it is a supreme form of entertainment.


Examples of this mainly exist in Act 1 Scene 5. The concept of a masked ball where friends and foes alike meet is frighteningly attractive. One may not want to see the consequences, but Shakespeare includes techniques so that the audience does not break away. These are either the soliloquies or the stage actions, such as kissing, so the audience is somewhat forced into viewing the rest.


I personally believe that the play is an exceptional piece of work, leaving no space for improvement for it continuously withholds the audience’s attention and thus, achieves its goal.

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