mationGeographical Information is a computer-based tool for mapping and analyzing
things that exist and events that happen on earth. The major components of
a GI are: a user interface; system/database management capabilities;
database creation/data entry capacity; spatial data manipulationand
analysis packages; and display/product generation functions. GIS technology
integrates, via the Internet, common database operations such as query and
statistical analysis with the unique visualization and geographic analysis
benefits offered by maps. These abilities distinguish GIS from other
information systems and make it valuable to a wide range of public and
private enterprises for explaining events, predictingoutcomes,and
Defense: The rapid development of technology has led to advancements that
have had a direct impact on the improvement of our military. Weapons have
become more effective and the use of satellite imagery has helped reduce
the amount of lives lost during conventional warfare
Banking and insurance Companies: GI technology provides financial users
with insight about their customer’s purchasing habits, financial behavior,
and needs for additional products or services. As a result, banks are able
to target their best prospects and not misdirect marketing and advertising
Power (Electricity Sector): GI can effectively manage information on the
distribution of electricity to customers and information describing the
attributes of each customer such as location and electricity use. It makes
information easily updatable and accurate and hence can cater to the needs
of maintaining large power infrastructure
Police: In today’s world when there is so much crime all around and police
forces need to be very efficient, GI help police department to plan and
keep an eye on the crime & criminals. It helps to manage, number of Police
Personnel required, starting point for each team / person while on
patrolling, direction and length of path for each team.
Telecom: GI systems within Telecom utilities can provide facilities for
fault tracking, customer care, Planning and efficient management of a large
distributive network and more importantly provide a framework for better
integration and analysis of relevant facility information derived from
several sources in graphics environment.
Retail market and Distribution: It provides real world picture like which
areas of the city are more than 2 km from any shop selling my products? How
many households does a particular shop serve? What is average household
income in the areas that this shop serves? What routeshouldmy
distribution trucks take to minimize delivery cost and time?
Arts and Culture: It allows people to view the geographic location of arts
and craft facilities using a web based Geographic Information People in the
arts and craft industry are also able to add new facilities and associated
information to the database as well as update any information linked to any
of the existing arts and craft facilities in the database.
Navigation: One of the major roles of Geographical Information is in the
field of navigation. Today navigation systems are being used in many fields
like car navigation, GPS, mountaineering and even in mobile technology.
Communication: all most all the Mobile companies are using it for better
customer service and to track technical details like fault, distribution,
nodes and network planning.
Construction and Engineering: maintaining progressandplanningin
construction made easy by its usage. Other engineering industries like
urban planning, engineering, municipalmanagementandenvironmental
engineering using Geographical Information at great extend.
Principles to guide Pricing Policy for the Distribution:
The aim of the project was to develop a deeper understanding of the key
issues and actors affecting the wider use of GI in Europe and articulate a
strategy to promote such wider use that is consistent with major policy and
technological developments at the European and international level. GINIE
is a project funded by the Information Society Technologies Programme of
the European Union with the purpose of developing a cohesive Geographic
Information Strategy at the European level. Close attention has been paid
to the role of GI in supporting European policies with a strong spatial
government, the re-use of Public Sector Information, and the recent
initiative to develop an Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe
GINIE project recognize that: Geographic Information is an important asset
the use of which should be maximized for the benefit of citizens,
governance and commerce.
Main policy context are telecommunication policy, public sector information
policy, E-Government, Environment policy.
– Set of rules and standards for collecting and exchanging G.I easily
accessible within European boundaries.
– Common Development of a European G.I infrastructure to support G.I
technologies and interoperability.
– Establishing an Advisory Board for Geographic Information (ABGI) to
– Demands for greater openness, transparency, and accountability. The
increasing concerns for sustainable development.
– The demands arising from emergency planning and national security.
– The expansion of the European Union (EU).