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Pavlov

Pavlov Melissa Ann Sharp Professor Alsman, MS Psychology 101 February 3, 2001 Pavlov Pavlov was born in Ryazan, Russia on September 14, 1849. His full, birth name is Ivan Petrovich Pavlov. Pavlov was educated at the University of Saint Petersburg and at the Military Medical Academy, also in St. Petersburg. From 1884 to 1886, Pavlov studied in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland) and Leipzig, Germany. Pavlov began to serve as director of the department of physiology at the Institute of Experimental Medicine and as a professor of medicine at the Military Medical Academy before the start of the Russian Revolution.

Although he opposed Communism, Pavlov was allowed to continue his research in physiology in a lab built by the Soviet Government in 1935. It was in this laboratory that Pavlov begun his famous experiments on dogs. Pavlov used his amazing surgical abilities to create an artificial exterior pouch in a Dogs stomach. With this, he experimented on nervous stimulation of gastric secretions. This experiment led to Pavlovs discovery of the conditioned reflex.

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Pavlov put this new discovery to a test by ringing a bell each time a dog was fed. He showed that the dog would salivate at the sound of the bell, even when there was no food present. This experiment proved that when a dog thought that he was going to be fed, he would experience a natural flow of saliva. Pavlovs work on dogs had an influence on the development of physiology oriented theories of psychology during the early 20th century. Pavlov had invented new techniques of surgery and his work had also led to new methods of treating mental illness. In 1904, Pavlov won the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine for all of the work that he had done on digestive glands.

Pavlov was a great historic figure in both psychology and physiology. He died on February 27, 1936. Psychology.

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