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Overpopulation

Overpopulation How many times have you been sitting in traffic with your engine running and on the right you see a factory letting off pollutants into the air? Well every time you do this and the company does this you and them are polluting are air and water, and leading to the destruction of the Bay Area. Unless we the people of the Bay Area and the factories do something to improve the pollution we are letting off then the Bay Area is in serious danger of losing the beauty of city. When is an area overpopulated? When its population cant be maintained without rapidly depleting nonrenewable resources (or converting renewable resources into nonrenewable ones) and without degrading the capacity of the environment to support the population. (Schuster 27) So is the Bay Area overpopulated? If you interpret overpopulation by Schusters quote then yes the Bay Area is overpopulated. The Bay Areas population has been proven to adversely affect the environment. In recent years the Bays water has become so polluted that the fish arent even fit for human consumption and most of the Bay Areas air, still does not attain to the State ozone standard.

(Duffy) The pollution is mostly caused by large factories waste and commuters coming into the Bay Area. California needs to come up with a plan on how to control the population before it becomes way out of hand. If the current population trend keeps up the Bay Area wont be able to support the needs of everyone. Overpopulation will always entail human judgments and value laden statements. (Carnell 22) It is the people of the Bay Area that are responsible for this problem of overpopulation and we need to take responsibility before it gets out of hand.

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Overpopulation will eventually cause the destruction of the Bay Areas quality of life unless measures are taken to control the population. Water pollution in the Bay Area has recently hit a high due to the economic growth and population of the Bay Area . With the economic growth in the Bay Area this is causing many more people to commute resulting in dioxins polluting are waters. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 1999 added 30 Bay Area creeks to the list of polluted lakes and rivers.

Some of the rivers that were on that list were the Alameda river, San Leandro river and the Walnut river. In the case of dioxins, scientists say minute concentrations escape from autos and factories in particles of smoke during combustion and float down and settle on land and the Bay. (Kay) Commuters that wait in traffic and keep there engines idling and large factories are the main reason for this problem. Dioxins are the main pollutants, polluting our waters. Two years ago in announcement made by the U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency, they declared that dioxins, solvent furans and dioxin like PCBs were at too high of levels and caused the fish in the Bay to become unsafe for human consumption. Short term, the EPA decision ups the priority for controlling dioxin (EPA). Long term it’s a step toward controlling dioxin releases at the source. The goal is to make the Bay fish able so that people can fish the Bay for food in health (Kay). EPA also said , Dioxins bind DNA and disrupt enzymes, hormones and growth, leading to cancer, developmental and reproductive damage, diabetes and immune system impairment.

(Kay) These dioxins are very harmful to humans and can cause sicknesses. If we lose all of our local lakes and rivers then we will be losing a valuable resource, which is fish. The Bay Areas lakes and rivers are becoming rapidly polluted and if these trends continue then the majority of the Bay Areas water will be unsafe. Some actions that the Bay Area should focus on to control the pollution are make carpool lanes more selective, to force more people to carpool, encourage companies to offer a monitory incentive for carpooling, increase affordability and availability of public transportation, and control immigration to California. In order to control the pollution, the Bay Area should focus on making all carpool lanes require three people, instead of two.

If the Bay Area was to do this then it would force more people to carpool if they wanted to use the carpool lane. Rides has reported that, In 1980 when there were no carpool lanes, 16.3% carpooled compared with 14.3% in 1998. This was despite constructing 266 miles of carpool lanes, beginning in 1982. Rides has also reported that, 67% of the Bay Area commutes to work by themselves with 14% carpooling, 6% taking BART and 5% taking the bus and other various modes of transportation. (Rides) No one can figure out why the figures have dropped and how to raise the percentage of people that carpool.

I think at first that if the Bay Area was to make all carpool lanes 3 people percentages would drop at first but when people saw that the carpool lane was much faster it would make people want to carpool more. (Rides) This diagram shows the modes of transportation that people use to commute in the Bay Area. The people that drive alone is very staggering. It seems that out of those sixty-seven percent that drive alone half of them could find someone else to ride with. The traffic problems we face daily are another result of overpopulation.

Just in California, 300,000 hours are wasted in traffic congestion each year at an estimated annual cost of over 892 million dollars. In addition, these idling motors add to the pollution problem.(Oberlink) These traffic problems we face are causing great financial losses and pollution. Companies should offer a monitory incentive for carpooling. If a large company was to offer an incentive for its workers commuting to work than many more people would carpool. This I think would help control the pollution more than any other solution except for cutting down on immigration to the Bay Area. Immigration to the Bay Area is a major problem we face.

William H. Frey a demographer and Ph.D. research scientist at the Population Studies Center at the University of Michigan says, The greatest numbers of minorities will probably continue to be in large metropolitan areas for the future (Frey). A recent billboard constructed by the California Coalition for Immigration reform. (CCI) Although California knows that we have a problem with immigration it seems that they are doing little to stop the problem. Bibliography WORKS CITED Anderson, Walt. Politics and Environment, Pacific Palisades, Ca.

Goodyear Publishing , 1970 Bouvier, Leon. Fifty Million Californians? Washington, D.C.: Federation for American Immigration Reform, 1991. CAPS (Californians for Population Stabilization) (1995, October 16). grades articles, [e-mail to Carnell, Brian. Overpopulation, www.overpopulation.com , Conversant, 1/27/01 Ehrlich, Dr.

Paula R. The Population Explosion, New York, Ballantine Books, May 1968 Kay, Jane. EPA calls for steps to save the Bay. http://www.mapcruzin.com/scruztri/docs/news0517991 .htm, May 16, 1999 Meuser, Michael R. Oakland City Council passes resolution on dioxin reduction. http://www.mapcruzin.com/scruztri/docs/news02031.h tm, 2/3/99 Oberlink, Ric, J.D. Population and Representation.

CAPS Newsletter, Winter 1995. Vol. 26, page 5. Phillips, Jamie (1995, October 17). Social impacts of population growth, [e-mail to Vince Szoboszlay, Akos. Carpool lane facts for the Bay Area.

http://trainweb.com/mts/hov/hov- facts.html. 8/24/00 Schuster, Simon. Overpopulation. www.dieoff.org/page27.htm. 1990 Science Essays.

Overpopulation

Overpopulation Overpopulation October 12, 1999 marks the day when the world’s population supposedly reached six billion. Many humanitarians and ecologists worry that soon the planet’s population will become too big for our food production and resources to support. With the current population growth rate, the total population in the year 2050 is estimated to be between 7.3 and 10.7 billion (Kluger, “The Big Crunch” 47). Soon the Congress of the United States will vote on whether to restore $60 million of U.S. taxpayer funding over the next two years for the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). The United Nations Population Fund, for the past 30 years, has been involved with “brutal population control programs” such as China’s genocidal one-couple, one-child policy.

However, using taxpayer money to fund these programs is a total waste of time, money, and energy. The world is not overpopulated; thus, population control is unnecessary, it is also unethical and anti-religious beliefs. Population control presents several problems for a country. The Philippines, for example, has an “artificial” birth control program, instated by the government and funded by UNFPA. The people of the Philippines, consisting mainly of Catholics and Muslims, are taxed to pay for this program. Because of its nature, contraception must be paid for every year, in increasing amounts.

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“Over 20 years from 1970 to 1990, it has cost our people over three billion pesos (P3,000,000,000), but has not significantly achieved its self-assigned goals of reducing poverty or improving quality of life.” This is because artificial contraception is incapable of accomplishing those goals. “It is powerless in removing the yoke of poverty from our people. It is impotent in improving the lot of victims of economic inequity, which is the real cause of poverty,” says Antonio B. de los Reyes (http://www.pop.org/students/cbreyes.html). Contraception, a mild form of population control, goes against the grain of Filipinos, who traditionally respect life, and see children not only as resources for production, nor only as means of security for the future, but also as blessings from God and expressions of gratitude to Him. American propaganda and aid policy have portrayed this pro-life orientation as anti-development, and the contraceptive establishment has gradually infiltrated into Filipino minds fewer children mean more happiness. Yet the impotence of past national governments in mobilizing the people’s labor resources, and its squandering of the nation’s capital assets, were the real problems.

Why should we change our positive values to make amends for incompetence and corruption? Children are God’s gifts to us. Should we sacrifice them to make up for the failures of our political and economic leaders (http://www.pop.org/students/cbreyes.html)? The contraceptive program’s management machinery is a nightmare. It fields 2,500 full-time workers, supports 50,000 subsidized volunteers, and retains a coordinating staff of over 300 with vague managerial responsibilities. These do not include the numerous clinic personnel in the Department of Health’s bureaucratic network, and hundreds of private agencies, which opportunistically mushroomed from the outpouring of foreign funds. While POPCOM’s field force is among the best-trained and qualified government workers, the disarray at central management level renders it impotent. If this whole network were channeled instead into the government’s livelihood program, these well-trained government workers would most likely be more productive and more professionally trained (http://www.pop.org/students/cbreyes.html). Aside from the many problems population controls causes, it is unnecessary.

The world can feed its people. Despite the concerns expressed, the food situation has improved dramatically for most of the world’s consumers. World output of cereals, the main food source for most consumers, has increased by 2.7 percent per annum since 1950 while population has grown by about 1.9 percent per annum. Cereal yields alone have increased more rapidly than world population since 1950 – at 2.24 percent per annum. This has allowed per capita calorie consumption in developing countries to increase by about 27 percent since the early 1960s (http://www.pop.org/students/feed.html). The whole world’s population could fit in the state of Texas and very comfortably indeed.

Everyone, including the poorest of the poor, would enjoy living conditions/housing conditions that are now only available to the wealthiest of people. The land area of Texas is some 262,000 square miles, and current UN estimates of the world’s population (for 12 October 1999) are about 6 billion. If the square miles are converted into square feet (multiplying 5,280 feet per mile twice) and divided by the world’s population, one readily finds that there are more than 1,217 square feet per capita. A family of 5 could occupy more than 6,085 square feet of living space, which, even in Texas, is considered a mansion. These numbers apply to just one-story, ranch house-type dwellings, and if a mixture of multi-story buildings, including town houses, apartment buildings and high rises, appreciably greater living space could be provided, allowing for ample roads and yards (http://www.pop.org/students/texas1.html).

If the birth rates continue at status quo, our population will reach almost 11 billion by the year 2050. However, our earth can support those people, and population control then is unnecessary. Trying to control the population takes away the basic human right to life. Bibliography Works Cited des los Reyes, Antonio B. 23 Feb. 19998.

Population Research Institute. 3 May 2000. “Did you know?” (1999). The World Almanac. 3 May 2000.

Kluger, Jeffry. “The Big Crunch.” Time. April-May 2000: 45+. “World can feed its people.” (1998). Population Research Institute. 3 May 2000.

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