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Nature Vs Nurture

Nature Vs Nurture Nature vs. Nurture The relative contributions of nature and nurture are an apparent part of human development which makes us ask the question, are heredity and environment opposing forces?(Sternberg 100) The question of nature vs. nurture can be examined and can be attempted to be comprehended in many ways. Our stand on which theory is the correct one is obviously a matter of opinion and makes us wonder if only one of them is truly correct. Nurture seems to be the explanation that holds the most tangible evidence to support it as existing in our everyday life.

In psychological attempts to conduct experiments of genetic influences on personality and behavior in the environment psychologists have come to the conclusion that the best way is by using identical twins. There are strong similarities identical twins show in intelligence, personality, and many other characteristics, regardless of being raised in separate homes. They leave us with the conclusion that maybe there is some truth to the theory of nature. These findings from the studies done on the twins are what I find to be coincidences. I believe from my past experiences with my development as a person compared to my older sisters, we are a perfect example of nurture.

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The theory that poses enough evidence through studies and in my personal experience seems to be true. My sister and I, though not twins, have a four year difference between us and are completely different people who are were raised in the same environment. We hold true to the theory of nurture for how we were raised effected the kind of people we are today. Nurture argues that who we become depends solely on the environment in which we developed in and also posses the idea that we are not born with any inherited traits that make us who we are today. Nurture is proved simply through the personality differences between my sister and I.

I contain an extremely social personality; a people person if you will, while my sister does not inhabit a very social lifestyle at all. I value the strong significance of friendships that I have built in my life while the most valued aspect of her life holds her love for working with children. We have both internalized the lessons and virtues we were raised to make our own, yet, grew up to become completely different beings. Nurture was what we were a result of. The early psychologist Erik Erikson attempted to develop a theory about personality development called psycho social theory of personality development. Obviously, Erikson is in favor of the nurture view he defined his theory as how social factors interact with personality throughout the entire life span (Sternberg 363). Personality development continues throughout the life span as a result of every new experience within that environment.

How could this statement be a false if people make so many transformations throughout the stages of life as individuals? This is all a result living and learning through the interactions within your environment and constantly adding input upon input to continually shape yourself. Through a process of assimilation we try to restore cognitive equilibrium by incorporating new information into existing schemes (Sternberg 340). The theory of assimilation, coined by psychologist Jean Piaget, supports the nurture theory by portraying the idea that each new piece of data or second of experience adds upon each other, constantly evolving a new equilibrium, or in this, case growth in ones self. Also, this process is lifelong. As a person progresses through life, he or she will continue to experience new things.

One must act upon and accommodate themselves to this new stimuli (Sternberg 340). Whenever a person is introduced to a new stimuli, their reaction and adaptation will change that person, although it may not be noticeable. This is why Piaget’s view of development supports nurture. He has the belief that life is composed of changes in which everyone must go through. These changes parallel the theories of nurture in that everything that creates the human being we evolve as depends on what is learned in our life.

The question of whether humans are the result of predisposed genetics or if their lives and personalities are shaped by the surrounding environment does not have a correct answer that exists. Both views of nature vs. nurture hold a substantial amount of evidence supporting each idea about how we become who we are. With this idea comes the reality that in the end, both explanations work together to contribute to our development as people. Still, I feel that learned behavior fosters all the elements that make nurture the most prominent reason for our progression in developing our minds and personalities.

Psychology Essays.

Nature Vs. Nurture

By: Joe Cox
Mrs. Strutz 4th hr.

What makes one exhibit the tendencies that define its existence? Is it the natural chemical balances and imbalances that one is born with? Or could it be the way they breathe in the life around them engrained in their mind from those who care for them. The age-old question regarding nature and nurture can be argued either way and has by countless learned and brilliant people. Examples are aplenty supporting both sides. But what does this mean form me? I am an 18 year old young man trying to shape myself into an ideal person, I have tendencies, habits, talents, these come from both sides of this paradox we have before us, nature or nurture, what is it? For me I think it is a little of both, nurture can explain a lot of what is Joseph Cox, however it cant explain everything and for everything else we look to nature. I personally believe I am who I am because of both nature and nurture.
Chemistry is an important aspect of why we act the way that we do. Genetically, our parents can pass down many of their traits to us. One may be genetically dispositioned to be an alcoholic like myself. But if a child grows up around alcoholics and sees at a very young age that alcohol rules the worlds of those around them they may be prone to think this same why. I am an alcoholic not because I drink too much or even too often but because everyone in my family is. And like the color of skin this trait is passed down with ease. My brain is addicted to nicotine. Like alcohol the brain becomes addicted to this chemical unlike alcohol this vice is an acquired one. I nurtured myself into this habit. So to support my thesis the chemistry of the brain can be both.

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Every teenager exhibits similar tendencies. Many of these tendencies can be credited to the numerous physiological changes occurring in the body at the time. Many teenagers act out or change study habits these changes can be because of the internal confusion that one is feeling. Not all of the typical behavior shown by teenagers comes from the chemical changes occurring in their bodies. Teenagers often rebel because of the certain way their parent parents, or the crowd the run with. Teenagers undeveloped rapidly changing entities are extremely vulnerable and can be morphed through the attention given to them in a certain social situation.
Now in relation to the wild child we once again show both sides. This child was left out to fend for herself in the wild and there for nurtured herself. The product of this: and anti social being but one still containing the characteristics of a human girl. Who is to say that this girl wasnt naturally a schizophrenic or suffered from autism? Exactly.

Now the phenomena concerning twins baffles me. To hear about twins separated at birth but exhibit the same tendencies suffer the same illnesses amazes even the most intelligent people. This would most definitely be nature. On the other hand some twins never separated, who grew up wearing matching outfits etc. exhibit none of the tendencies of the prior. This whole topic is so baffling it is easy to understand that because of such different data coming from such similar case studies why researchers are stumped.

Men and women are heavily influenced by nature. Men growing up in a house full of women still come out men and vice versa. However society has such strict definitions drawn for what makes a man a man blah blah blah that in whatever type of environment you are in this will be engrained in your head. However at a very young age children make a discovery that they are different. Now if you kept a girls hair short dressed her in boys close she may not discover until and obvious time that she is different. Upon learning this she will act as if she is different therefore showing the difference in men and women. While many women or me are raised around the ideal picture society paints many of the defining traits, passions, talents etc. are interchangeable.
Birth order is one may lean more towards the nurture aspect of the debate. While many children show the typical signs of their birth order I think it is because of how they are treated in their family that would explain why they fit in there particular birth order mold. If parents had two children and didnt know who was born first or last then these kids would never fall into the birth order sterotype because they werent treated in that particular way, I am a middle child, my parents know that I have always been treated ass a middle child. Hmm what a coincidence that I follow the birth order handbook to the t.

I am a product of the way my brain was when I was born and the thoughts my parents, peers, society, have beat into it. Not just one or the other but both, and I can guarantee that the whole of this class would agree to this truth about themselves. My main problem with this whole nature vs. nurture concept is that it is so easy for me to see that both are in effect and not just one that I dont know why scientist cant see it.


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