Middle East Life After reading “God Dies By The Nile” by Nawal El Saadawi one can begin to realize how much different life in the Middle East is in comparison to areas such as China and India which we have studied. The term Middle East refers to South Western Asia and North Eastern Africa The Middle east has many very interesting features and aspects about it such as the way there economy is organized, the type of religion that they practice, the various geographical aspects of the land, and the way that society is in general. The economy of the Middle East is somewhat similar to the economy of India. The Middle East mainly imports everything and anything this is part of the reason why they are so poor because everything is so expensive. The main reason for a lot of the importing of products such as a pencil is because theyre a no factories.
The Middle East is a very highly taxed, which makes the economy also very week and poor. Because the economy is so poor a lot of the people in the Middle East live in mud homes along rivers, and have very little food and clothing. Since the land is not that great in the Middle east very little agriculture can be grown so therefore people cant make much money from farming and can just get enough food to feed there family. Some of there agriculture includes: Cotton, corn, rice, wheat, beans, fruits, and vegetables. They also raise cattle, water buffalo, sheep, and goats.
There main industry includes: textiles, tourism, food processing, petroleum, cement and construction. Like most underdeveloped and poor countries there is people who have a lot of money and dont live in poverty these people live in nicer homes and have a lot more than the average peasant. People who have a higher economic status usually are working for the government. Because of the fact that everyone is so poor there is a lot of crime and most of it is mainly people stealing from other people. “All peasants steal. Theft runs in there blood like the Bilharzia worm. They put on an innocent air, pretend to be dull, kneel down before Allah as they would never think of disobeying him, but all the time, deep inside, they are nothing but accursed, cunning, unbelieving, impious sons of heretics. A man will prostrate himself in prayer behind me, but once he has left the mosque, and gone to the field, he will steal from his neighbor, and poison the mans buffalo without batting an eyelid.” The climate in the Middle East is very different from anything that we have ever experienced in the United States.
Temperatures in the Middle East seem to be very extreme and unbearable to what we are used to. In the summer temperatures often exceed 100 degrees and in the winter they range from 70-80 degrees. In countries such as Nigeria, Morocco, Tunisia, and Northwest Africa the climate is considered to be a mediate climate. These areas are often characterized by rainfall and heavy droughts, which come for long periods of time and are very unpredictable. The crops that are grown in this area are olives and grapes because they can survive the heavy rains and droughts.
The Middle East also has land, which is desert such as the northern part of Sudan and the Egyptian desert, which are very dry and hot, and the average temperature during the summer is around one hundred and seventeen degrees Fahrenheit. During the spring months there are the possibilities of sandstorms in certain region, which can last for up to four days. During the winter season the desert often receives about one to eight inches of rain on average. Vegetation in these areas is very sparse and is often limited to desert like plants such as a cactus witch retains water to survive during the dry season. The Middle East has many rivers the most popularly known the Nile has two different climates. The southern portion of the river has very heavy rainfall during the summer months.
The southern portion of the river is considered the Ethiopian Plateau. The northern part of the river, which is the Sudan and Egypt area hardly, gets any rain at all during the summer. Between October and May both areas usually receive little to no rainfall and are very dry. The reason for this period of dry time is said to be the northeast tradewinds. As you can see the climate of the Middle East is mainly dry and hot and sometimes very wet in seasons of heavy rainfall. In the Middle East people are very different from the people in the United States they are somewhat similar to people in China.
In the Middle East men are given a lot of respect as compared to women who are looked down upon and given no respect. In no way are men and women in the Middle East treated as being equal to each other. Women are treated so unequal to men it is almost like they are slaves or servants. “And every she carried an earthenware jar on her head, and walked along the river band to the bend in the Nile where the girls filled up the empty jars with water.” Like the job of filling up the water jars and many other jobs described in the book show how women did a lot of hard work and were told they had to obey and do the work. Women were even unequal to men when it came to religion.
“Prayer is built on certain well defined movements of the body namely: kneeling, prostrating yourself twice each time you kneel and then sitting up with you feet under the body to recite the testimonial. In addition, there are certain conditions, which must be strictly adhered to. In males the body must be covered from the waist downwards to a point below the knees. In females, the whole body should be covered with the exception of the palms of the hands, and the face.” After reading this book I feel as if I have advanced my learning in the area of the Middle East and now have a better understanding of the society and geographical aspects of this area. As one can see the climate is very different than the climate we live in.
The climate almost seems unbearable to me. The society is also very different in that the way that women are treated and how they are given no respect.