Lord of The Flies Lord of The Flies At the start of the novel, there has been an atomic explosion, and the children have been evacuated in an aircraft with a detachable passenger tube. The aircraft has been attacked and released the tube while flying over tropical seas. The tube has crash landed in the jungle of a tropical island, and the plane has flown off in flames. This is the point when the novel starts. There are four main characters in the book Ralph, Piggy, Jack and Simon.
Simon is part of the choir, which is led by Jack, but Ralph and Piggy are not members of the choir, and are in no way related. There are no adults “There arent any grown ups” (P.43) Ralph has found a “conch” (P.21), and has used it to call all the boys on the island together. This is where Jack is introduced into “Lord of the Flies” “Something dark was fumbling along” (P.26). This refers to the choir walking along the beach in the distance. This use of language shows us that the choir is dark, evil, and sinister, and immediately Golding tells us that this group will not be a “good” force on the island.
The choir are a militaristic group “marching approximately..with a hambone frill” (P.26). This shows us that their leader is in total control of the group. This leader is Jack “The boy who controlled them..his cap badge was golden” (P.26) This shows the authority and status that Jack has over the choir. When the choir reach the platform, Jack shows off “swaying in the fierce light..his cloak flying” (P.27). This is an attempt to impress the group, create a good impression, enough so he commands their respect as well as the choirs, enough so that he can eventually control them as well as the choir. Jack does not introduce himself to everyone; he first words to the group are “Wheres the man with the trumpet?” (P.27).
He just gives out demands, and expects the group to answer him. This is what he is used to. Jack is a direct contrast with Ralph “peered down at Ralph..(the conch) did not seem to satisfy him” (P.27) This shows us that he believes no-one is as good a leader as him, and that the conch, which called the group together, is below him. This is “simple arrogance” (P.29) on the part of Jack. He uses his cloak as a prop “Inside the floating cloak he was tall, thin, and bony” (P.27). He uses the cloak (a sign of power) to make him into something hes not, he uses it to gain authority.
“His hair was red beneath the black cap” (P.27). The colour of his hair shows signs of a fiery temper, and the colour of his cap reinforces his sinister side. Jacks main aim of the assemblies in the novel are to first become chief, and then control the group. He says on page twenty-nine with “simple arrogance”, “I ought to be chief.” Jack believes that no-one else has the right to control him, and he should be in control of everyone. During the assemblies, he rejects Piggy “Shut up, Fatty” (P.28).
He has no respect for Piggy (due to his appearance), even though Piggy could be a very useful asset to the group. He takes control of the assembly “Weve got to..” (P.29). Jack does this because he wants to decide and be in control of what the group does. When the boys on the island say they want to vote on a chief, Jack “started to protest” (P.30). This is because Jack knows that he is not in control of the boys on the island who are not in the choir, which is the majority, and therefore they will not vote for him. He also believes that he should be proclaimed the leader of the group without voting, because in his opinion, no-one has the right to be in control of him.
This is because he is a natural leader, and has never been in a position without control. This is born out when Ralph is voted chief “and the freckles..a blush of mortification” (P.30). Jack is very embarrassed when he is, for the first time in his life, not in total control. Jacks personality makes him use violence to command respect “Jack snatched from behind him a sizeable sheath-knife and clouted it into a trunk” (P.32), “Jack slammed his knife into a trunk and looked round challengingly” (P.43). At this stage, his violent side doesnt extend beyond this type of violence, but later in the novel, he can ruthlessly hunt to murder a human.
Again on page fourty-three, Jack”broke in” when Ralph was talking, in an attempt to take control of the assembly. He wants the assembly to be focused on hunting, not rescue and shelters “All the same you need an army for hunting” (P.43). When the rules are created by Ralph, Jack does not see that Ralph created them for keeping order. He sees the rules as an opportunity to carry out punishment. He is not a sadist, but by physically punishing people, he gains authority, and people fear him. This is what Jack wants from the assembly. Later in the book, as in chapter five, he has changed his identity to the extent that he is no longer governed by the rules set by Jack “Bollocks to the rules!” (P.114).
This phrase can be cross-referenced to “Weve got to have rules and obey them” (P.55). In “Lord of the Flies,” Jack and his “hunters” take on many roles on the island, mostly the physical, violent ones. On page fifty-one, he decides that his choir shall be hunters Ralph: “What do you want them (the choir) to be?” Jack: “Hunters.” By making this change, Jack takes on the responsibility of finding food, and also a sort of protection from any wild animals. Jack also refers to himself, Ralph and Simon as being “explorers” (P.33). This shows Jacks adventurous side, and how he wants to be seen in the eyes of the group as a brave, fearless adventurer.
When the matter of the beast arises, Jack says that he doesnt think there is a beast, “but if there is, wed hunt it and kill it” (P.48). Jacks takes on the responsibility of protecting the group from the beast here, and it also shows the bloodthirsty nature of Jack. Again, by tak …