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Lord Of The Flies

.. ing on this role, Jack commands respect from the group. He also does this by saying “Well be responsible for keeping the fire going” (P.55). He does this to improve his status amongst the group, and also the get on the good side of Ralph, who sees the signal fire as the most important thing on the island. He wants to be seen as a responsible person as well as a brave person. There are many major comparisons which need to be made concerning Jack and (most of the time) Ralph. Most of the differences are about Rescue against Hunting.

Jack sees the use of the fire as one of cooking meat “the pig roasted” (P.92), while Ralph sees the fire as a signal fire for rescue “We must make smoke” (P.49). Throughout the novel, Ralph sticks to the rules in hope of rescue “Well have rules” (P.43), while on page 114, Jacks gives up on the rules “Bollocks to the rules!” Ralph sees the rules as a form of law and order, while Jack sees the rules as an opportunity to carry out punishment “Then when anyone breaks em—” (P.44). Ralph wants to dismiss the rumour of the beast “There isnt a beastie” (P.47), while Jack wants to kill the beast “wed hunt it and kill it” (P.48). Jack paints his face to help him hunt and make people fear him “He smeared on the clay” (P.79), while no-one else does until a later stage in the book. On page sixty-eight, Jack shouts “Got it!” Ralph immediately presumes that he is referring to a ship “What? Where? Is it a ship?” (P.68), but Jack is talking about a pig “Theyll lie up there (the pigs)” (P.68).

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This clearly shows the difference in priorities between Jack and Ralph. Jacks wants to live naturally, under the guidance of natural time. This shows us he is quite happy to forget civilization and rescue. As an opposite, Piggy wants to make a sundial “We could make a sundial” (P.81). This shows Piggy wants to remain living under clock time, to show that he is still living in a civilized world, and that he wants to be rescued.

The differences between Jack and the others are summed up on page seventy “They walked along, two continents of experience and feeling, unable to communicate.” When Jack first hears about the beast, he sees it as a way to gain authority and status. He dismisses the existence of the “beastie,” but “If there was a snake, wed hunt it and kill it” (P.48). This shows the determined and fearless image Jack has created for himself. After the fear of the beast has started to dismantle the civilized force inside the group, Jack looks for someone to blame the littluns “You littluns started all this..” (P.103). He again repeats that there is no beast, but maybe at this stage of the novel, he is a little less sure than on page fourty-eight.

Jack uses the fear in the group to make himself look good. After he repeats “Ive been all over this island..there is no beast in the forest” (P.104), the “whole assembly applauded him” (P.104). Jack had used the beast to his advantage, to gain status. He still remains defiant, even after it has been claimed that the beast comes from the sea, that if there is a beast, “well hunt it down” (P.114). As I have already pointed out, Jack is obsessed with hunting, and his preoccupation with it has increased ever since he was introduced into the novel.

Everything he sees on the island he links with hunting. He sees the fire as a way to cook meat (P.92), hunted by himself. When he hears about the beast, he says he will hunt it and kill (P.48). The major changes in his identity occur, however, in chapters three and four. He has become animalistic, like a dog “his nose only a few inches from the humid became a furtive thing, ape-like.” (P.61-2).

His physical characteristics have changed “His hair, longer..peeling sunburn..he was naked” (P.61). He has changed his image from a choirboy to a furtive hunter. He has become “primitive” (P.62). His eyes give away his inner-self, a mad animal “eyes that in this frustration seemed bolting and nearly mad.” (P.62). He is on the edge “The madness came into his eyes..rage..compulsion” (P.65). He has become a physical hunter – “swung..hurled..strength..hard..castanet.. seductive..maddening..rushed..snatched” (P.63). Jack is totally taken with hunting, for when he tries to describe hunting o page sixty-seven, he is unable to describe the excitement he feels for it “Thats how you can feel,” “He flushed suddenly” (P.67). Jack has become so obsessed with hunting, that he has forgotten about being rescued “Jack had to think for a moment before he could remember what rescue was.” (P.67).

As he becomes more and more primitive, his grasp on civilization weakens, and eventually dies. By smearing his face “He smeared on the clay” (P.79), he covers up the old Jack, and replaces him with an”awesome stranger” (P.80). The mask covers up Jacks face, and gives something for Jack to hide behind “the mask..behind which Jack hid” (P.80). This shows that Jack wants to give himself this awesome new identity in order to gain more control and power, and to start the formation of a tribe, which can hunt. When Jack eventually kills a pig on page eighty-six, he is terribly excited “There were lashings of blood.” (P.86).

He is happy to recite the horrific details, he is proud of the kill. This is a syntax, and we can cross reference it to page fourty-one, where Jack lets a pig escape because of the thought of “cutting into living flesh..the unbearable blood.” (P.41). When Jack is introduced into the novel, we recognize him as an organised natural leader with evil potential. Over the first five chapters of the book, this is born out in his transformation from a choirboy to a fearless, furtive hunter. His priority has changed from being rescued to hunting and killing pigs. He has become less and less civilized, until his appearance becomes one of a tribal nature.

Lord Of The Flies

Lord Of The Flies In most books, the authors use symbolism to expand the novel beyond its literal meaning. Symbolism is used to represent or foreshadow the theme of the story. As one reads William Golding’s classic novel, Lord of the Flies, he will begin to recognize the way basic civilization is slowly stripped away from the boys. In this novel, the author utilizes many elements of symbolism to help accomplish his message, which is man is basically evil. In Lord of the Flies, Golding uses signal fire not only to rescue the characters from corruption and evil, but also to symbolize common sense.

The boys, who are stranded on an island, create fire, attempting to contact boats out on the sea. They use the fire to signal to the boats that are out on the ocean for assistance. In the beginning, the boys are eager to leave the uninhabited island, so they try their best to make the signal fire. Also, the author reveals that the boys desire to depart from the island because they are afraid that they will turn into savages; the boys fear that savagery will cause them to kill other innocent people. Life became a race with the fire and the boys scattered through the upper forest. To keep clean flag of flame flying on the mountain was the immediate end and no one looked further.

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Even the smallest boys, unless fruit claimed them, brought little pieces of wood and threw them in. (129) As time progresses, savagery becomes more evident in the boys’ behavior. When Jack steals Piggy’s specs, the only hope of lighting the fire is destroyed: the specs are the only way to start the fire. Thus, the boys cannot be rescued from the island. We [cannot] keep one fire going.

And they don’t care. And what is more, I don’t sometimes. (139) With the loss of the fire, common sense is also lost and savagery prevails. In attempting to rescue themselves from savagery, the boys also face a dilemma of saving themselves from the beast. Because they have heard dreadful stories about the beast, the boys are intimidated by it. However, they do not realize that the beast is the evil that resides within themselves. The boys are, all aware that such a beast exists, but none of them realize, except Simon, that it lies within them.

The beast also symbolizes savagery. A beast represents a wild, cruel animal, and humans are also beasts since they have an innate animal instinct within themselves. In the story, the author mentions how the beast is a hunter and [people cannot] kill it. (126) The beast apparently cannot be eradicated because it is the id part of human beings. Also because Simon represents the conscience of human beings, he reminds the boys that the [beast is] only us, (89) The conch, being a symbol of high hand and authority, is used to call meetings and to set laws throughout the island.

People need civilization. They require laws and rules within their lives; the restrictions bring structure and order to an otherwise chaotic lifestyle. Without laws, civilization ceases to exist because then, humans return to a primitive state of savagery. The conch is the only connection that the boys have with the real world of rules. Otherwise, they would be running around uncontrolled. However, the conch ensures that there is some sort of moderation in the boys’ lives.

The island is savage wilderness where civilization is nowhere to be seen. Thus, the boys require some sort of reminder, a check that will keep them at bay. But when the destruction of the conch is made the authority on the island is gone and Ralph is left to fend for himself. In Lord of the Flies, Golding utilizes many elements of symbolism to attain his message, which is “man is basically evil.” This is recognized by first showing how the signal fires represents the rescue from corruption and how the signal fire is slowly extinguished. Furthermore, the beast represents the beast within the children.

The beast that will bring out the savagery in the children. Finally, the conch is symbolizes the way civilization is the law and rule that will dominate throughout the island, but when the conch is destroyed so is civilization therefore bring out the savagery. In life savagery is something that one cannot hide. Savagery is a scary thing that can cause destruction to one another, or even to oneself. English Essays.


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