Legalization Of Gambling In Ohio Legalization of Gambling in Ohio The words Casinos and Gambling are often associated with gangsters, prostitution, murderers, and all the illegal operations one could think of. Those kinds of stereotypes are picked up in movies like “Casino” and the countless other gangster and casino related movies that are based in the 50’s, 60’s, and 70’s, but that was then and this is now. “While there may be some vestigial ties between organized crime and casinos, gambling is now big business” (Weissman 1). “The term gambling or ‘gaming’ as the industry calls it, means any legalized form of wagering or betting conducted in a casino, on a riverboat, on an Indian reservation, or at any other location under the jurisdiction of the United States” (National Gambling Impact Study Commission Act). The hobby of gambling is a part of most people lives. Casual bets on the Bulls and Knicks game or a weekend poker game at your buddies house are both forms of gambling.
Gambling is a multi-billion dollar industry and Amy J. Seifert said in her article The Stakes that “gambling has become one of the nation’s fastest growing industries” (Seifert 2). Ohio can get a piece of that if they legalize all forms of gambling. Gambling, like baseball, is a national pastime. Gambling is deeply imbedded in the history of United States. Many settlers in Jamestown had their passageway paid for by the sale of lottery tickets. The revolutionary army was funded by lottery tickets also–Gen.
George Washington bought the first one. In the 18th Century, buildings at Harvard, Yale, and Princeton were financed by lotteries (History of Gambling..1). Many people of the 1800’s wouldn’t be caught dead without a deck of cards. “Despite it’s illegality, gambling during the 1860’s was a popular pastime among the miners of Virginia City and Gold hill.. A deck of cards was as much a part of a miner’s possessions as was the pick with which he unearthed silver from the mines” (History of Gambling..1). The first territorial legislature that outlawed games of chance wasn’t written until 1861(History of Gambling..1), but the law was unenforced. Probably because the cops themselves were playing.
Nothing could be done to stop gambling so they tried to regulate it. “In 1869 when the state legislature enacted a law requiring a license to operate a game, the state and local governments filled their coffers with the fees charged gaming operators” (History of Gambling..1). Nevada legislature ordered all gambling establishments to close their doors in 1910 (History of Gambling..1). So what does someone do when something becomes outlawed? They go underground, and that’s what people did. “During the ban, gangsters ‘Big Bill’ Graham and Jimmy ‘The Couch’ Mckay operated illegal halls and monopolized prostitution and bootlegging when prohibition was enacted in 1919” (History of Gambling..1). When the Great Depression set-in, everyone looked for ways to make some money. “During the depression, state legislators sought out ways to increase state revenues.
Phil Tobin, a Nevada legislator from Winnemucca argued that since gambling still existed despite laws banning it, the state should legalize gambling and tax it. They did” (History of gambling..1). In 1931, the state of Nevada legalized gambling.(History of Gambling..1). “Casino gaming did not become a major industry until after World War II, when it flourished in response to increasing social acceptance and population booms in California and other western states” (History of Gambling..1). The first respectable casinos were built in Reno by the Smiths and Bill Harrah in the mid-1930’s. The Smiths and his partners opened Harolds Club and Harrah opened Harrah’s (History of Gambling..1). Those clubs were alright but nothing compared to the casino being built down south in Las Vegas. “Las Vegas was a small town until gangster Benjamin ‘Bugsy’ Siegal changed the city’s character forever by constructing it’s first lavish hotel-casino in 1945” (Gambling-Encarta).
It was know as the Flamingo. The casino industry started and there was no looking back. Nevada’s economy exploded and has made trillions to date. Gambling isn’t just rolling the dice and praying for a seven or eleven. There are many different types of legalized gambling. The most obvious being casino-style gambling.
Someone could play roulette, card and dice games, slot machines, and electronic games such as video poker and video slots. Other forms of gambling include Horse racing-the wagering of money on the outcome of a horse race, Indian gambling-the gambling allowed on Indian owned land. “In 1988, Congress passed the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act which reestablished the right of sovereign Indian tribes to run casinos on their land without having to follow the gambling laws of the state they occupy” (Kolasky 2). “One-third of the country’s 557 federally recognized tribes offer some form of gaming” (Berns 2). More forms of gambling include charitable gambling-serves as a fund-raiser for nonprofit organizations, Riverboat gambling-the casino-style gambling on a boat in the water, Sports betting-the wagering of money on the outcome of sports games, Internet gambling-gambling over the Internet, and probably the most used of all is lotteries-the buying of numbered tickets in which prizes given out to those whose numbers are drawn.
The only forms of gambling allowed in the state of Ohio are lotteries, horse racing, and charitable gambling such as bingo (Drinkard 2) Along with the legal forms there are also illegal forms of gambling. It’s illegal when someone makes a bet, lets say on the outcome of a sporting event, with a non-licensed bookie. A bookie is a person who people call up or met with to place bets with, usually on sports. A non-licensed bookie is someone who is not registered and does not have a licenses Another form of illegal gambling would be any kind of gambling in a non-regulated casino type facility. For example, if the place where someone gambles does not have the appropriate licenses and does not pays taxes then that is an illegal form of betting. The amount of money available in gambling is almost endless.
The legalization of all forms of gambling in Ohio would give the state millions of dollars of extra money. The Ohio initiative specifies that casino revenues, after pay out of winnings to gamblers, will be taxed 20 percent, with 80 percent of the collected monies going to fund schools. Kate Hubben, a spokesperson for Yes on One, the group campaigning for passage of the gambling initiative, says the tax is expected to …