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Jane Goodall

Jane Goodall Jane Goodall Jane Goodall was born in London, England in 1934. This British ethnologist who is still alive today has laid claim to many great accomplishments, traveled far distances and experienced many things no woman ever has. As a young girl Jane spent her days in England studying local birds and other creatures, reading books on zoology and dreaming of one day travelling to Africa. Jane’s childish fancies were turned into reality when a close friend invited her to Kenya in 1957. Only a few months after her arrival 23 year old Jane met Dr.

Louis Leakey. Even though Jane had no academic credentials, Leakey chose her to conduct a long-term study of the chimpanzees in Tasmania’s Gombe National Park. Even though Dr. Leakey’s decision was frowned upon by many, he believed that Goodall’s patience, independence and persistence to understand animals made her a good candidate for the job. He also believed that Jane’s mind; uncluttered by academia would yield a fresh perspective. Even though her research contract was intended for the period of 10 years, critics believe she would last no longer than three weeks.

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By 1962 Jane Goodall had proved them wrong when her research was advancing greatly. It was around this time that National Geographic sent photographer and filmmaker Hugo van Lawick to document her work. The two were married in Tasmania on March 28, 1964. By 1965 Jane earned her Ph. D in ethnology, the eight person in the history of Cambridge University to earn a doctorate without first taking a B.A.

Not long after Jane returned to the Gombe Stream Chimpanzee Reserve on Lake Tanganyika, Tasmania. For nearly 10 years Jane studied chimpanzees. Her profound scientific discoveries laid the foundation for all future primate studies. Jane’s discovery that chimpanzees made and used tools amazed the world. This one ability was once believed to separate humans from animals. A gap which was closed over the years of Jane’s research as more and more similarities between humans and chimpanzees were discovered, Chimpanzees and humans differ by only just over one per cent.

I watched, amazed, as she (Lucy, a chimpanzee) opened the refrigerator and various cupboards, found bottles and a glass, then poured herself a gin and tonic . Jane recorded this experience and many other discoveries in her three books; In the Shadow of Man (1971) a book documenting the life of chimpanzees, Innocent Killers (1971) about spotted hyenas, whose predatory behavior had been wrongly researched. And also, Through a Window (1990) a book about her life and experiences living with the chimps. In 1977 Goodall founded The Jane Goodall Institute for Wildlife Research, Education and Conservation. She has also established chimpanzee sanctuaries for the care and rehabilitation of orphaned chimpanzees in four African countries. In 1995 she received the National Geographic Society’s prestigious Hubbard Medal. The National Geographic supported Jane’s research between 1961 and 1978; she was the recipient of 26 grants.

Through her best-selling books, articles, lectures, and National Geographic programs, Jane Goodall has become world famous. Today she still lives in Tasmania, where the research at Gombe is entering its 40th year. She devotes all her time and energy into teaching young people about conservation. Jane has made many accomplishments, and experienced things only some people could ever dream of. She is a great role model and has changed the way people view chimpanzees. Africa, the birth of humankind, provides a disturbing clue to our future.

As I fly across areas that were forest just years ago and see them becoming dessert, I worry. Too many people crowd this continent, so poor they strip the land for food and fuel-wood. The subject of my life’s work and our closest living relative, the chimpanzees and gorillas are slaughtered for food or captured for the live-animal trade. Pollution of air, land and water abounds. Are we destroying our beautiful planet? Jane Goodall Sociology Issues.

Jane Goodall

Jane Goodall Among the Wild Chimpanzees
Jane Goodall is a woman who has and still does work with chimpanzees in Tanznia, South Africa. The first time she went to Tanzania was in July 14, 1960 when she was just 26 years old.
Because of her research and studies of many different chimpanzees, we as humans will be able to understand ourselves and other primates better.

At first, Jane just sat on a peak at the top of a mountain, so that she could observe the chimps. The chimpanzees would keep a safe distance away so they were able to watch Jane and make sure that she wasnt going to hurt them in any way. After eighteen months, Jane had finally been accepted into the animals group she was finally considered to be one of them.

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Chimpanzees are a lot like humans in their behaviours. They are extremely smart since they are able to make and use tools and weapons. The female mothers are very affectionate and protective over the young and the rest of their family. The young chimps are also very dependant on their mother for necessities such as food, shelter and warmth.

Many people believe that we originated from apes and monkey. We can now possibly learn many things from studying and observing chimpanzees and monkeys.
In the film, Jane set out a pile of bananas so she would be able to observe the chimps behaviours. She realized that the stronger, more dominant males were the ones that took most of the bananas, while the smaller, weaker ones, (primarily the females and babies) stayed back. In our society, we may not fight over a pile of bananas, however, we may fight over a pile of money. We would probably not be polite and take only 30 dollars and save some for everyone else. We would be greedy and try to take all the money. This same type of situation applies to the chimpanzees.
Much like humans, chimps have a very good acceptance of death. They may not completely understand or accept another one dying, but they seem to know what is happening. In the video, one chimpanzees mother had died, so in turn he became extremely depressed and upset over the loss of his mother and eventually died also. Another example is when a baby died in the film because of a disease that took over the land, the mother still carried her babies body on her back for a while. I think the mother knew what had happened, but she wasnt really ready to let go of her child right away.
In the human race, there are many different gangs that intimitate and ridicule others. With humans, it was mainly the bigger kids who would pick on the smaller, younger children much like in the chimpanzee community. Chimpanzees would often have gang attacks, where four or five large males would attack one individual.
Jane Goodall has provides humans with a great insight into relationships between chimpanzees and humans. Hopefully, she will keep researching and observing chimpanzees for as long as she can. Maybe even someone else could help her out, so that at least someone is continuing the research and observations of chimpanzee behaviour so we will be able to have a better understanding of our human behaviour.


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