Press "Enter" to skip to content

Immigration

Immigration To US For many, immigration to the United States during the late 19th to early 20th century would be a new beginning to a prosperous life. However there were many acts and laws past to limit the influx of immigrants, do to prejudice, such as the Chinese Exclusion Act. Later on into the 20th century there would be laws repealing the older immigration laws and acts making it possible for many more foreigners to immigrate to the United States. Even with the new acts and laws that banned the older ones, no one can just walk right in and become a citizen. One must go through several examinations and tests before he or she can earn their citizenship. The Immigration Act of March 3, 1891 was the first comprehensive law for national control of immigration It established the Bureau of Immigration under the Treasury Department to administer all immigration laws (except the Chinese Exclusion Act).

This Immigration Act also added to the inadmissible classes. The people in these classes were inadmissible to enter into the United States. The people in these classes were, those suffering from a contagious disease, and persons convicted of certain crimes. The Immigration Act of March 3, 1903 and The Immigration Act of February 20, 1907 added further categories to the inadmissible list. Immigrants were screened for their political beliefs. Immigrants who were believed to be anarchists or those who advocated the overthrow of government by force or the assassination of a public officer were deported.

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.
Any subject. Any type of essay.
We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.


Get your price

This act was made mainly do to the assassination of President William McKinley in 1901. On February 5, 1917 another immigration act was made. This Act codified all previous exclusion provisions and added the exclusion of illiterate aliens form entering into the United States. It also created a “barred zone”(Asia-Pacific triangle), whose natives were also inadmissible. This Act made Mexicans inadmissible. It insisted that all aliens pay a head tax of $8 dollars. However, because of the high demand for labor in the southwest, months later congress let Mexican workers (braceros) to stay in the U.S.

under supervision of state government for six month periods. A series of statutes were made in 1917,1918, and 1920. The sought to define more clearly which aliens were admissible and which aliens were deportable. These decisions were made mostly on the aliens political beliefs. They formed these statutes in reaction to the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia, which led to a Russian economic recession and a surge of immigrants used to communistic ideals bringing along with them a red scare.

The Immigration act of May 26, 1924 consolidated all of the statutes and laws in the past. It also established a quota system designed to favor the Northwestern Europeans because others were deemed less likely to support the American way of life. The act also barred all Asians as aliens ineligible for citizenship in the U.S. The act of June 14, 1940 permanently transferred the Immigration and Naturalization Service from the Department of Labor to the Department of Justice. The Act of April 29, 1943 provided for the importation of temporary agricultural laborers to the U.S. from North, South, and Central America. The Program served as the Legal basis for the Mexican bracero program, which lasted through 1964.

The Displaced Persons Act of June 25, 1948 was a respond to the large numbers of Europeans who had been turned into refuges by World War Two. It also marked the first Major expression of U.S. policy for admitting persons fleeing persecution. They still had a quota however, of 205,000 displaced persons in a two-year period. (3,1096) The priority went to aliens who were farm laborers and those who had special skills. Racial and Religious factors also affected the implementation of the Act. From June 30 until July 1 half of the German and Austrian quotas were available exclusively to persons of German ethnic origin who were born in Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, or Yugoslavia and who resided in Germany or Austria. The Immigration and Nationality Act of June 27, 1952 also known as the McCarran-Walter Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 was passed over the veto of President Harry S.

Truman. The Act made all immigration laws compact into one comprehensive statute. All of the races were made eligible for naturalization. Sex discrimination was eliminated with respect to immigration. However it still had a quota in preference to skilled aliens. It also broadened the grounds for exclusion and deportation of aliens.

The Immigration and Nationality Act of October 3, 1965 abolished the national-origins quota system, elimination national origin, race, or ancestry as a basis for immigration. It also established a limit of 170,000 immigrants from the Eastern Hemisphere per year and 120,000 limit per year on the Western Hemisphere. The Act also established a 20,000 per-country limit within numerical restrictions for Eastern Hemisphere, applied in 1976 to Western Hemisphere in 1976. The Refugee Act of March 17, 1980 was the first omnibus refugee act enacted by congress. The act passed through congress mainly because of the hundreds of thousands of refuges that come to the U.S.

in the 50s, 60s, and 70s because of communist oppression. The Refugee Act established procedures for consultation between the president and congress on the numbers and allocations of refugees to be admitted in to the country in each fiscal year. It also established procedures on how to respond to emergency refugee situations in conformity with 1967 United Nations protocol on refugees. Through this act, refugees attained permanent resident status. The wanted to lower the number of refugees admitted but that plan was a failure. The Immigration Reform and Control Act of Nov 6, 1986, was signed by President Ronald Reagan.

Through this act illegal aliens who had resided in an unlawful status since January 1, 1982 could be legalized. This act also prohibited employers from knowingly hiring an illegal alien. It increased immigration by making adjustments for Cubans and Haitians who had entered the U.S. without inspection prior to January 1, 1982. Through this act at least 700,000 visas were issued.

A Person becomes a citizen of the United States of America through a rigorous application. The First step is to get an application and, except for children under 14 years of age, a fingerprint card and a biographic information form from the nearest office of the Immigration and Naturalization Service or from a social service agency in the community. For him or herself one must fill out Form N-400. If it is for a child fill out Form N – 402. The Application, the fingerprint card, and the Biographic Information form if appropriate, must be filled out correctly and returned to Immigration and Naturalization Service.

Three unsigned photographs as described in the application must be submitted. A fee is required when filling out N-400 or N-402. After the application is completed by the Immigration service, the applicant must go for a test. If eligible, after the test, the applicant is to feel out a paper known as a petition for naturalization, in the court. The Final court hearing is after the examination is completed, the petition filed in court, and all investigations of fitness for citizenship completed.

Then the petitioner will be notified to appear before the court for the final hearing. If the examiner agrees that the applicant should be a citizen, he or she becomes a citizen. If the examiner does not agree, he or she will have to come to court with or without an attorney and the judge will hear what the petitioner has to say. The judge then has the final call on whether the petitioner becomes a citizen or not. You can become a citizen if you meet the following requirements: you have been a legal permanent resident for five years, or three years if you are married to a U.S.

citizen, you have lived in the U.S. for at least 2-1/2 years (50%) of the five year period, or 1-1/2 years (50%) if you are married to a citizen, you have lived for more than three months in the state where you apply for citizenship, you have good moral character. To become a citizen today one must go through a whole process of tests and trials and that is only if the applicant meets all of the requirements first. Who were/are the immigrants to the U.S.? 1607-1830 Scotch-Irish had been working on farms that they did not own. when they could no longer afford to rend their homes, they had no alternative but to seek new homes.

The poorest faced the prospect of starvation if they did not get away. Africans were brought involuntarily, as slaves. they made up the lowest social class. All ages were brought here, men and women. They were forced to come here and work on plantations as slaves.

Scotch Irish were Catholics andNationality Primarily Irish and British immigrated toPresbyterians. 1830-1890 Circumstances Irish: The Irish immigrated toAmerica during this time period.America for several reasons, one of which was the potato famine that killed over a million. Along with this, they resented the British rule of their country, and the British landlords. This included the British Protestantism and British taxes. With this there was the onset of prolonged depression and social hardship.

Ireland was so ravaged by economic collapse, that in rural areas, the average age of death was 19. By the 1830’s Irish immigration was growing quickly, and in 1945 with the potato famine, the number of immigrants sky rocketed. British: The reasons the British came to America are not nearly as detailed as the reasons for the Irish coming here. The British came to simplySocial Classes Irish:Most Irish hadlook for better opportunities of work.been tennant farmers before they came to the United States. They had little taste for farm work and little money to buy land in America anyway.

British: The British were mostly professionals, independent farmers, and skilled workers.Age Irish: Teenager to Young Adult British: Most immigrants from Britain wereRacefairly young, although not quite as young as their Irish counterparts. Religion Irish:From 1830-1890 Immigrants were primarily white Europeans. White Voluntary Italians Roman Catholic British: Protestant 1890-1924 Jewish White Voluntary Russian Jews Catholics and Roman Catholics White Voluntary Slavs Eastern Orthodox White Voluntary Greeks Armenians Jewish White Voluntary Eastern European Jews Christian Many middle-upper class Cubans Christian 1968-Present White.

Immigration

Immigration What could be more captivating than an oasis in a desert with green foliage, cool fresh water, and succulent fruits? An oasis is a paradise to a fatigued, dehydrated, and hungry person who must survive in the desert. The United States is the oasis, the paradise to immigrants who live in other countries in undesirable conditions. The preferred land where shelter, water, and food are plentiful. Unfortunately, not everyone can live in paradise. A limited number of immigrants should be allowed into the United States with consideration towards the current population, employment, and an imposed immigration tax.

Overcrowding will destroy a paradise. The population growth must be monitored. Using the number of births minus the deaths should be calculated. These calculations should be done annually. This would provide a baseline to determine the number of immigrants allowed into the United States.

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.
Any subject. Any type of essay.
We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.


Get your price

Another consideration should be the immigrant’s employment. They must possess a skill or trade. This is essential in the current job market. Immigrants must maintain the ability to gain employment. The probabilities of the immigrants putting a drain on the economy will be reduced.

The final consideration would be to impose a tax on the immigrant. This tax will be imposed based on the number of immigrants in each household and the amount of income. Each immigrant should be taxed individually for the duration of five years. Any newborns, during those five years, will be taxed also. The taxes collected would be used for deterring the importation of illegal immigrants in the United States.

The United States must protect its resources. It must avoid freely handing out those resources to anyone without some type of return. It is imperative that conditions be set and enforced. It is inevitable that individuals will attempt to manipulate the system. Those who participate in the unlawful importation of illegal aliens should be exiled from the United States and required to forfeit their citizenship. Bibliography none- Government Essays.

Immigration

Violence In Our Children
Cities of violence: Santee, California; El Cajon, California; Littleton, Colorado.
These are names of American cities and towns where violence has usurped deep into the
American heartland where families settle to raise families away from the violent big
cities. Andy Williams, Jason Hoffman, Eric Harris, and Dylan Klebold; names of
students who came to their schools with weapons to kill those students and staff whom
they felt were responsible for their melancholy. What are the motivating factors behind
these suicidal attempts?
Society is trying to convince itself that it must be Hollywood with its violent
entertainment and glorification of violence. Another scapegoat is videogames with all the
gore and realistic killing or maybe even music that has lyrics considered by the majority
to be riddled with suicidal or homicidal messages to todays youth. Politicians, parents,
law enforcement, and society are asking themselves, What are the factors leading to the
increase in violence among our children?. The most convincing causes for
violence in our children lies not in the entertainment industry but in us. The main
source is depression of the killers due to rejection by their peers, the breakdown of the
cohesive family unit due to divorce and the easy accessibility to weapons.

The major cause of violence believed by some researchers is the age-old traditions of bullying and the clique system in high schools. Jerry Adler states in his 1999 article The Truth About High School that these are so called rights of passages that all American students have been exposed too. These factors have been around since the invention of high school and adolescents have been forming cliques and mentally ranking them just as in an adult society which are dominated by hierarchies (Adler 56).

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.
Any subject. Any type of essay.
We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.


Get your price

As in most high schools across the country the athletes dominate the social scale and enforce the hierarchy, which explains why they are at the top of the food chain. Its pretty common to see jocks picking on the fat kid or the wimpy kid, or anybody whos different (Adler 56). So what provokes aggression and violence among the lower hierarchical levels? Often it is scapegoating, in which teens are bullied by and in front of their peer group by a higher hierarchical group, leaving them excluded and humiliated. In an online survey conducted by the San Diego Tribune statistics show that 87 percent of students thought that school shooters were motivated by a desire to get back at those who have hurt them and 86 percent said teenagers resort to violence because of other kids picking on them, making fun of them or bullying them (Eckert 2).
School shootings and murders are largely the work of young men acting out a script that society gives them for displaying their masculinity. As adults, we don’t want to hear that a boy is depressed or has been shamed. We don’t know how to deal with it. Given the pressures on these boys, we should be thankful that so few actually turn to violence as a display of masculinity. As our society evolves into more acceptance of a larger female role being played into everyday life, we have seen an increase of girls being involved in violence. In comparison to past generations, cliques are now much more likely to have both boys and girls in them. Researchers say this is due to early exposure to sexual equality in todays world. Familiarity with the opposite sex comes much earlier now (Adler 56). As in all civilizations researchers say, adolescence is a tribal society (Adler 56). Adolescent hierarchical lines are drawn by teenagers and are frequently unfair and are often hurtful and generally enforced by physical and psychological intimidation, which is why most depression is found in adolescent teens.

Another major contributing factor to this violence is that a lot of these kids are growing up in broken homes or homes with family problems. As adolescents spend less and less time with their parents, cliques increasingly fill the emotional vacuum, and the high-school game of acceptance or rejection is being played for even higher emotional stakes (Adler 56). Keeping these kids on the right path means maintaining parental involvement and encouraging them to take healthy risks versus dangerous ones.
Without parental involvement these kids are left alone to make important decisions without having the full support of their families behind them. As in the case with the shooters Dr. Lynn E. Pontons article Their Dark Romance With Risk states that Peers can influence risk-taking in both positive and negative waysa toxic best friend or group of friends can escalate bad behavior, especially where there is no adult input (Ponton 55). Most of these kids grew up in broken homes or homes where the families did not take an active role in their healthy decision-making. Taking on everyday challenges in unexplored situations is an important tool that teenagers use to develop distinctive individuality apart from their parents. So parental guidance is an extremely important element in helping their teenagers make correct important decisions.

Though boys who are unhealthy risk-takers often hurt others, girls usually turn their shame and anger on themselves, engaging in self-destructive behaviors such as cutting or extreme dieting (Ponton 55). Even though incidences of extreme violence have not been observed at the destructive magnitude as boys the potential is there for violence just as easily.
One major factor contributing to violence in our children is the easy accessibility to firearms. While children in the past have brought weapons to school, most were knives, brass knuckles, and chemical sprays. In a study at Santana High School published by Jill SpielVogel called School bullying old problem in 1999 before the acts of violence engulfed the school a survey showed about 11 percent said they had brought a weapon to campus. Many said they forgot they had the weapon with them. More than one-third brought it for protection and 11 percent brought it for intimidation to scare others (Spielvogel 2).

This data along with students being victims of bullying or hierarchical intimidation has led to a rise of firearms being brought into the schools. Most students and parents do not tell school officials about bullying and intimidation because they did not think it would do any good. Only 7 percent of students said they felt unsafe at school-sentiments parents and staff echoed in their surveys at Santana High School (Spielvogel 2).

As in the case of Andy Williams, the gun was easily accessible due to an unlocked gun cabinet. This coupled with the bullying that has been termed torture by his defense attorney and his fathers lack of parental support and healthy descion making led Andy Williams to a poor decision making process. Andy Williams is not the only student to have retaliated in such a violent manner according to the survey. About one-third of 1,200 students surveyed at Santana High School said they had been the target of abusive behavior. Nearly half said they had retaliated in some way and one in five students appeared to be true bullying victims who were repeatedly targeted, more often girls than boys (Spielvogel 2).

Unfortunately the violence of children in our society is not being blamed on the real culprits of violence but is being blamed on the media, television, video games and musical lyrics. The surgeon general has declared these potential causes as harmful to children and that repeated exposure to violent entertainment during early childhood causes more aggressive behavior throughout a childs life. However, in his article Loitering On The Dark Side, Steven Levy quotes Doug Richardson of Die Hard II and Money Train by stating that the thousands of violent images we see dont inspire more acts of violence (Levy 39). So basically the sheer volume of violence and carnage is proof of its harmlessness. Therefore, there must be a better culprit to blame the violence of children than just the entertainment industry.
Although, the media maybe a part of the problem its not an either-or situation at work here. It is about America craving brutal images and violence in all aspects. The violent entertainment just caters to what the population desires and the entertainment industry produces these due to the popularity and profitability of this brand of entertainment. All forms of violence in our society can easily be blamed for the rise of violence in our children but the root of all these problems reaches deeper than playing a violent video game or watching a violent TV program. The media merely reflects many aspects of our societies reality and in this reality it is more about depression, the breakdown of the family unit, the drop off of religious values, and the accessibility of guns to almost anyone in our society.

x

Hi!
I'm Lily

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out