“Human trafficking is modern day slavery. Between 14,500 and 17,500 individuals are trafficked into the U.S. each year, and within our borders, thousands of U.S. citizens and legal permanent residents fall victim. The average age of entry into child trafficking being between 12 and 14 years of age. As many as 1.7 million child runaway or throwaway episodes occur in the U.S. each year, and statistics show that 1 in 3 of these children will be approached by a trafficker within 48 hours of leaving home” (Lee, 2013).
“The ignorance of this procedure raises the perception in the community that adopting child is easy, so that often the people adopt children outside the legal system that might be categorized as child trafficking” (Natsir, M., & Natsir, N. I. 2017). Human trafficking is a part of human rights violation. Slavery, slave trade, woman trafficking, and any deeds of any kind with a similar purpose. Any decision taken should comply with the ethical principles of ‘do good’, do no harm, equity, and respect all these ethical principles should be addressed.
After applying the relativism and utilitarian perspectives and the egoism and emotivism theories to the question of human trafficking, it is evident that the ethical response to this is that is that it is one the most unethical practices any person can encounter.
Human trafficking is a multi-faced crime with not just one solution. Human trafficking is one of the most horrifying, degrading thing that could happen to anyone at any given time. Identifying the truth and understanding the certainty that this could be taking place in our neighborhood and towns. We continue with our daily lives, and surprised when we hear these stories. Human traffickers are looking for vulnerable women and children as their victims. They are not seeking one single type of person.
“Traffickers will take advantage of anyone, anywhere, in any circumstances, even people from ‘nice’ neighborhoods and ‘nice’ families”. “The three most common types of human trafficking are sex trafficking, forced labor, and debt bondage. Trafficking also encompasses organ harvesting, baby trafficking, and child soldiers” (Peck, J. 2018).
“Trafficking of women and children (and, more rarely, young men) for prostitution is a vile and heinous violation of human rights. In Brazil, for example, girls may be trafficked for sex work from rural to urban areas, whereas males may be sold to work in the gold mines of the Amazon jungle. In China, girls are trafficked as brides in impoverished rural areas, which are devoid of marriage age females as a result of China’s one-child policy and families’ preference for baby boys. Trafficking is often migration gone terribly wrong.” (Feingold, 2005).
Human trafficking in many regions around the world demonstrate different ethical theories. Some theories include “Relativism, the idea that one’s beliefs and values are understood in terms of one’s society, culture, or even one’s own individual values. You may disagree with someone and believe your view is superior, relative to you as an individual; more often, relativism is described in terms of the values of the community in which one lives” (Mosser, K. (2013).
An ethical point of view with the utilitarianism perspective, a way to see whether an act is the right thing to do (or the wrong thing to do) is to look at its results, or consequences. Utilitarianism argues that, given a set of choices, the act we should choose is that which produces the best results for the greatest number affected by that choice (Mosser, 2013).
Utilitarianism is the natural way to look at something to decide if it is wrong or right. It argues that we should choose the result which best serves the needs of the greatest number affected by the choice (Mosser, 2013). The only individuals who benefit from human trafficking are the traffickers who will stop at nothing to get their victims.
Another ethical theory when it comes to human trafficking is “Egoism, an ethical view that argues acts should be done out of a person’s self-interest” (Mosser, K. (2013). Egoism is doing whatever it takes for one individual interest, wants or needs no matter what it cost. Human traffickers are in the business solely for their own personal gain and do not care who is hurt and destroyed in the process. Emotivism is a view that quite simply is based upon if we do or do not like something. It is often referred to as the “Boo Hurrah” theory of ethics (Mosser, 2013).