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Hitler

Hitler Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler’s Early Years Adolf Hitler was born in the small Austrian town of Branau on the 20th of April 1889. He came from a middle-class family that lived comfortably, although he suggested in his book Mein Kampf that his family was poor and his childhood was filled with hardship. His father Alois Hitler was a customs official with the Austrian Civil Service. His mother, Klara was a former servant girl and became Alois’ third wife. The young Hitler had ability but performed poorly at school. He reacted against discipline.

One of his teachers described Hitler as “wilful, arrogant and bad tempered. He had obvious difficulty in fitting in at school. Moreover he was lazy .. . He demanded of his fellow pupils their unqualified subservience, fancying himself in the role of leader.” Hitler’s School Report-1905 Adolf Hitler Steyr Realschule 16 September 1905 Moral Conduct 3 Satisfactory Diligence 4 Erratic Religion 4 Adequate Geography and History 4 Adequate Mathematics 5 Inadequate Chemistry 4 Adequate Physics 3 Satisfactory Geometry 4 Adequate Freehand Drawing 2 Praiseworthy Gymnastics 1 Excellent Handwriting 5 Unpleasing Hitler had a poor relationship with his father, who could not accept his son’s lack of self-discipline and his interests in art, architecture and music. When his father died in 1903, his mother Klara had very little control over her son, and in 1905 he left school.

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In 1907 Hitler applied to enter the Vienna Academy of Art but his application was rejected. In that year his mother died from cancer. Hitler had been devoted to his mother and her death affected him deeply. He carried her portrait everywhere he went for the rest of his life. In 1908 Hitler moved to Vienna. Once again he sought admission to the Academy Of Art but was rejected for a second time. For a while he had enough money to live on from his inheritance and from an orphan’s pension but by the time he was twenty-one, Hitler was almost penniless, and was forced to live in a shelter with homeless men.

On the odd occasion he made money from drawing sketches or painting scenes of Vienna, but he refused to look for a settled job. But by 1910 he began to show an interest in politics and often spent hours in Vienna’s public libraries learning more on the subject and engaging in political conversations in the local coffee houses that he visited. Hitler’s views of the world were shaped by his experiences on the streets of Vienna, and this is where his violent anti-Semitism derived from. In 1913 Hitler left Vienna and moved across the border to Munich, the capital of the German State of Bavaria. He was in Munich at the break out of the First World War and although not a German citizen, he served in the German Army throughout the war. For most of the war he served as a runner, and served at the front line in Flanders (Belgium) and in France.

He displayed courage under fire and was awarded the Iron Cross Second Class. He was sent home in 1916 when he was wounded but returned to fighting in 1917. He was promoted to the rank of Lance Corporal and took part in the Lundendorff offensive of March 1918. In the last months of the war Hitler was awarded the Iron Cross First Class “For bravery and general merit”, an honour for a corporal. Hitler’s campaign ended when he was partly blinded in a gas attack.

He was taken to recuperate in a hospital in Germany and it was here that he heard the news that Germany had surrendered. He describes the shock in his book, Mein Kampf- “Everything went black before my eyes as I staggered back to my ward and buried my aching head between the blankets and pillow .. . during these nights my hatred increased, hatred for the originators of this dastardly crime”. Hitler’s rise to power After the end of World War One Hitler was made a political officer for the army. One of his jobs was to report to the army command on the small political parties that had flourished in Bavaria. It was at this time that he attended a meeting of a small group called the German Worker’s Party in September 1919.

Hitler had found what he wanted- a small political party that he could shape with his own ideas. Hitler quickly became the leader of the party where his brilliant power as a public speaker attracted large audiences and aroused the emotions of the audience through his spoken word. The party changed its name to become the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) or NAZI for short. The party then developed its own symbols and colours to be associated with- the swastika, colours red, black and white and a distinct party salute. The party’s extreme right wing views to communism and to the republic, the party attracted ex-Freikorps troops and by 1921 the Nazi Party had its own private army, the Sturmabteilung (SA) or Storm Troopers.

Wearing brown uniforms, they became a visible strength of the Nazi Party by protecting leaders and physically attacking any physical opponents. In 1923 the Nazi Party was large enough to attempt to seize power in Bavaria and they tried to seize power in what became known as the Beer Hall Putsch. Hitler and his followers attempted to seize control when they detained the leaders of Bavaria at a political rally in a Munich beer hall on the 8th of November 1923. The Putsch failed however, when the army refused to back the attempt. In a show of defiance, the following day the Nazis marched into the centre of Munich where their demonstration was broken up by armed police, and Hitler and some of his followers were arrested for treason.

Hitler then used his trial in 1924 to promote his party and his views. Although he was sentenced to five years imprisonment, he had now become a national figure and was treated well. He had his own room and was allowed unlimited visitors, special food and he had the company of fellow Nazis also in prison. During this time, he wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle). He also realised that the only way to get to power was through democratic elections. The first attempt was in the 1928 elections, but the Nazi Party failed miserably, dropping from 103 seats in 1924 to 73 seats in the Reichstag elections of 1928. Hitler’s first real attempt was during the middle of The Great Depression.

Over three million Germans were unemployed, and the Nazi Party called an election in September 1930. In a vigorous campaign they held hundreds of rallies across the country, attacking the weaknesses of other parties. The Nazis grasped the idea that the system had failed and they promised a revitalisation of will and a new beginning. The Nazis were pleased with the result of the election. Even though they had not come to power, they had increased their representation in the Reichstag to 107 seats. Over thirty-five million Germans had voted for the Nazis, which had now made them the second largest party in parliament. In 1932 Hindenburg’s seven year term as President came to a close.

The then Chancellor Bruning tried to have Hindenburg’s presidency continued for another two years, but the Nazis and the Nationalists opposed the idea. So Hindenburg, who was now eighty-four, once again stood for President. Hitler had also announced his intention to run for the presidency. The Nazi Party membership now stood at 450 000 and a vigorous election campaign was started by Dr Joseph Goebbels. In an unwavering three-week campaign, the party organised 300 meetings a day across Germany.

Hindenburg, however, did not personally attend his meetings; Bruning did so on his behalf. The voting which took place on the 14th of March was so close that no party received an absolute majority. Because of this a second round of voting was conducted on the 10th of April. This second round increased the Nazi vote but it was not enough for victory. Hindenburg received a 53% vote and was re-elected for another seven years. By the end of 1932 three chancellors- Bruning, Papen and Schleicher had all failed to achieve any kind of sta …

Hitler

Hitler More than twelve million people were killed in concentration camps, six million were Jewish. All of these horrifying events were consequences of the evening, April 20, 1889, when the one man responsible for all of this was born. Adolf Hitler was born into a loving family of small farmers and craftsmen. He had one half-sister, Angela, and one half-brother, Alois, Jr. Hitler’s mother loved him very much and anyone could tell, because she showered him with affection. In his early school years, Adolf was a truly good student.

He even took singing lessons and sang in the choir at a Benedictine monastery. He found the church festivals fascinating. His enthusiasm for the church soon began to fade, though. As his teen years approached, he began to rebel against the church and the career plans that his father had made. These plans were for him to become a civil servant, just as he had been.

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Hitler loved art and wanted to become a painter. He refused to go by his father’s plans. This was just one thing that him and his father did not get along about. There really wasn’t much they did agree on. Sometimes Alois criticized and even struck his son.

Although they didn’t get along very well, Adolf was devastated at his father’s death when he was a merely thirteen years old. He even cried when he saw his body laying in the casket. Hitler was devoted to his mother and loved her deeply. She was very kind to him and encouraged to be an artist, or whatever else he decided to be. He even thought of himself as his mother’s darling, and he carried her picture with him everywhere he went. In 1905, Hitler visited the country where he would later become dictator.

While he was there, as a pale and sickly looking teenager, he stuck everyone as a shy and reserved young man. After that, he spent a few months studying, drawing in Munich, Germany. In October of 1907, he moved to Vienna, planning to study art. He applied to the Academy of Fine Arts Academy, but got rejected. The next year, in December, his beloved mother, Klara passed away. Later that year, he applied again for the art academy, but got rejected again. In the month of October, 1914, World War One broke out and Hitler joined the Bovarian Army.

Hitler felt he needed to defend Germany, his adopted country. On August 4, 1918, Hitler was awarded the Iron Cross, First Class for bravery. Then, on June28, 1919, Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles, ending WW1. Several years later , in 1942, Hitler and his army shattered many lives by capturing and killing the inferior races the slowest and most painful ways possible. The inferior races, according to him were all Jewish people, the terminally ill, the physically and mentally handicapped, and anyone not of German descent.

Hitler was a horrible and sick man, who brought on tough times for all people. Many people agree that it was very hard to speak up and if you did, you would get killed. Hitler even had doctors testing to find the most painful and horrible deaths on people. Hitler had a great relationship with his mother, but he and his father argued most of time. His father even beat him on occasion. Hitler was a scrawny and sickly looking boy who only had only one friend.

He had gotten rejected from art school twice. All of this made him feel that he had no purpose in the world. Doing these horrible things probably made him think that he was making people feel the same way he felt all of those years and for a small amount of time, made him feel better about himself. I think that the German people were willing to follow and believe Hitler, because they had been through some rough times and would believe anyone who said that they could give them jobs and raise their income. They also wanted to hear that they were the best and when he said this, he won many Germans over.

Hitler

Hitler He stands motionless with crossed arms and resting eyes focused straight ahead. He is completely immobile, expressionless, and says absolutely nothing. Surrounded by some fifteen thousand audience members filing into the great auditorium to hear this man speak, the presence he commands brings order to the environment almost immediately. There is little doubt that Adolf Hitler projected a commanding presence. The aforementioned was merely a description of events which took place prior to one of his famous speeches during the pre-war Nazi years, when his party was only coming into power and Adolf Hitler, as a personality, was making his presence known on the scene.

This historical backdrop of Germany in the 1930’s reveals a country knee-deep in economic depression, and as would well be expected, the climate was ripe for a new leader. Adolf Hitler made his presence known in the form of a Messiah rather than a political leader, offering his countrymen not only economic but political salvation as well as the kind of cultural magnificence which he truly believed in, i.e. the Aryan race. Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in the Austrian town of Braunau am Inn, the son of Alois, a customs official, and Klara Hitler. He was not a successful student, and his earlier years are said to have been characterized by melancholy, aimlessness and racial hatred.

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It was in Vienna where he developed what is considered to be a life-long obsession with the danger that the world Jewery posed to the Aryan race. It was after Hitler relocated to Munich in 1913 and served in the Bavarian 16th Regiment that he distinguished himself for bravery and was awarded the Iron Cross First Class. It was during this time that Hitler had found a home and glorified the raw majesty of life under fire, the beauty of comradeship and the nobility of the warrior. His soldierly dreams of victory and fulfillment were shattered, however, by Germany’s defeat. He became convinced that Germany had been stabbed in the back by Jews and Marxists.1 Oratory and the printed word were much a part of Adolf Hitler’s rise to save the fatherland.

It is my personal view that Hitler acquired his oratory skills and acuity through his earlier experiences.

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