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George Washington

George Washington George Washington is best known as the “Father of our Country.” He cared for this country much like a parent would care for a child. During his presidency, he solved many noteworthy problems. His achievements led to a democratic, wonderful country we like to call The United States of America. Although hes not thought of as glamorous, George Washington is looked upon with the utmost respect and awe by all countries of the world. George Washington was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia on February 22, 1732. He was the oldest son of a Virginia farmer.

Washington received most of his education at home. When he was 17 he was appointed surveyor of Culpeper County, Virginia. In 1752 Washington inherited Mount Vernon, in Fairfax County. The same year he was appointed adjutant of the southern district of Virginia, a full-time salaried appointment, carrying the rank of major. He wanted to eventually secure a commission in the regular British army.

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In 1753, Virginia was alarmed when a French expedition from Canada established posts on the headwaters of the Ohio River. Conflict over this area eventually erupted into the French and Indian War, in which Washington played a major military role that established his reputation as a commander. In the fall of 1758 the French were defeated. In 1759 he married Martha Dandridge Custis, a wealthy young widow. Washington matured into a solid member of Virginia society.

From 1759 to 1774 he served in the House of Burgesses. By 1774 Washington had become a key supporter of the colonial cause. That same year he was elected to the First Continental Congress. In 1775 the Second Continental Congress elected Washington commander in chief of its army. In July Washington arrived in Massachusetts, where the battles at Lexington and Concord had been fought.

The British pulled back most of their troops to winter in New York City, leaving scattered garrisons of German mercenaries in New Jersey. On December 25 Washington led his small army across the ice-clogged Delaware, successfully attacked a garrison at Trenton, and re-crossed the Delaware without interference. In January 1777 near Princeton, he defeated three British regiments marching to reinforce General Charles Cornwallis. The British eventually surrendered. After the victory, Washington rejected a plan, which had support in the army, of establishing a monarchy with himself as king. In 1789, members of the first Electoral College unanimously voted George Washington as President of the United States. Washington walked unsteadily on the uncharted ground of the presidency and was unsure of himself as he began the new responsibilities of his office.

He had the help of only a few officials. Also, he and the Vice-President were the only heads of the executive branch. Washington believed that the executive, legislative, and judicial branches should have a large gap between them. He also believed that the president should not influence Congress in the passing of laws. However, if he does not agree with a certain bill, he has the power of vetoing it. He viewed the responsibilities of the president largely as administering the laws of Congress and supervising relations with other countries. Washington had set an important precedent when he attained the power to appoint and dismiss his own department heads. Without this example, Congress could sneak behind the Presidents authority and allow unwanted department heads to stay in office against the Presidents wishes.

Washington was ecstatic about forming his cabinet, and he and his advisers acted with exceptional energy. Washington was well equipped for the work of building a structure of administration. He had a talent for fusing together his plans and actions to get adequate results. First, he acquired the necessary facts, which he weighed carefully. Once he had reached a decision, he carried it out with vitality and tenacity.

He was never lazy in making decisions for his country. He always acted promptly and decisively. Thorough, systematic, accurate, and, being attentive to detail also described his personality. He expected the same enthusiasm from every one in his administration. On September 24, 1789, Washington passed The Judiciary Act, which set up a federal court system.

Its basic features were provided for by the Constitution. Since the president is considered the chief enforcer of federal laws, it is his duty to prosecute cases before the federal courts. In this work his agent is the attorney general. The Judiciary Act of 1789 planned so well, that most of its essential features have survived until today. Washington believed strongly in the constitutional demand that the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the government should be kept as separate as possible.

Washington did not use his charisma or office to influence legislative debates. He thought that the President should not try to control the kinds of laws that Congress passed. However, he believed that if he disapproved of a bill, he had the right to veto it. Washington believed that the presidents duties were to administer the laws of Congress and supervise relations with other countries. George Washington was the first true pioneer of the newly born United States of America.

He helped shape this country to its Democratic perfection today. During his double termed presidency, he ran the country with poise and dignity. It is no wonder that Henry Lee uttered that famous epitaph: “first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen.”.

George Washington

George Washington George Washington’s memory is held in honor by his fellow countrymen and by the world. The enemies and critics who attacked him in war and in peace are now largely forgotten, but his name has become a byword for honor, loyalty, and love of country. He was known as the “father of his country”. Washington was a “father” in several ways. He was commander in chief of the American forces in the American Revolution, chairman of the convention that wrote the United States Constitution, and the first president of the United States.

He led the men who turned America from an English colony into a self-governing nation. Also, he set the standard for future presidents and for the whole nation with his ideals of liberty and democracy. Washington was born on February 22, 1732, in Westmoreland County, Virginia. When his father passed away in 1743, Washington grew restive under his mother’s management and went to live with his half-brother Lawrence at Mount Vernon. Lawrence taught him trigonometry and surveying. While there, he cultivated a taste for ethics, novels, music, and the theater.

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At the age of 16, he became a surveyor and one of the principals of the Ohio Company. The company’s main purpose was the exploitation of Western lands. Washington played an important role in the struggles preceding the start of the French and Indian War. He was only 20 years of age at the time Lieutenant Governor Robert Dinwiddie of Virginia appointed him a major of militia and sent him to deliver an ultimatum calling on French forces to cease their encroachment in the Ohio River Valley. In 1755, Dinwiddie made Washington colonel and commander of all Virginia militia forces.

This was a high and well-deserved honor for the 23-year old officer. For the next three years, he fought in the wars against the French and Indians, serving as General Edward Braddock’s aide in the disastrous campaign against Fort Duquesne. At war’s end in 1759, Washington resigned from the militia, married Martha Dandridge Custis, and settled down as a farmer at Mount Vernon. To me, Washington showed great maturity to be able to lead an army at the age of 20. He had a strong mind and learned quickly. He put what he learned to good use. Although Washington was unsuccessful in his first attempt as a leader, he did not give up.

He was determined to be successful. His determination, hard work, and perseverance paid off in the end. In the later years, when fighting broke out between Massachusetts and the British, the Continental Congress named Washington commander of its newly created Continental army, hoping thus to promote unity between New England and Virginia. This was one of the many acts of leadership that Washington is famous for today. Washington told the Congress he wanted no pay beyond his actual expenses. He said ” as no pecuniary consideration could have tempted me to accept this arduous employment at the expense of my domestic ease and happiness, I do not wish to make any profit from it.” He assumed command on July 3, 1775 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Inadequately supported and sometimes sabotaged by the Congress, in charge of troops who were inexperienced, badly equipped, and impatient of discipline, Washington conducted the war on the policy of avoiding major engagements with the British and wearing them down by harassing tactics.

His able generalship, along with the French alliance and the growing weariness within Britain, brought the war to a conclusion, with the surrender of Lord Cornwallis at Yorktown on October 19,1781. Washington’s contribution to the American victory was enormous. Being selective about when and where he attacked the British prevented his enemies from being successful. He was determined to show that American officers could be every bit as civilized as their European counterparts. Dissatisfaction with the Articles of Confederation led Washington back into the public life.

He was the leader in the movement that led to the Constitutional Convention of 1787. At first, this meeting considered only changing the Articles of Confederation, but it finally became clear that they could not successfully be revised. Washington gave full support to building the new Constitution. After the Constitution was adopted, Washington was the obvious man for the presidency. He was elected unanimously as the first president of the United States, receiving 69 electoral votes, the total number cast. On April 30, 1789, he took the oath of office in New York, the first national capital. In office, he sought to unite the nation and establish the authority of the new government at home and abroad.

During his presidency, the Hamilton-Jefferson rivalry emerged. He worked to stay neutral but actually sympathized more with Hamilton. He was then elected to a second term in 1792. He was bitterly criticized by the Jeffersonians because he openly admitted he was supportive of the Federalists. I consider George Washington to be an excellent leader because he had to set an example for all the other presidents to follow.

Being the first president of the United States was a hard role to fill. Washington used his personal qualities to help him be successful. His honesty, hard work, patriotism, and wisdom helped shape the nation that exists today. From the beginning, Washington showed that he possessed great leadership qualities. He symbolized qualities of discipline, military orthodoxy, and persistence in adversity. Our nation today shows their appreciation for all of the contributions that this outstanding character had made to better his country by having his face printed on the one-dollar bill. Washington will serve as a symbol of American identity along with the flag, the Constitution, and the Fourth of July for as long as this nation stays united.

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