General Robert E. Lee Robert Edward Lee was born in Stradford in January 19, 1807. His father was Light Horse Henry. He had three brothers and two sisters, yet he was the youngest. His family was also was very rich.
Robert E. Lee went to United States Military Academy. He spent much of his time in his library. His classmates admired him because of his leadership and devotion. He graduated in 1829.
He had a high honor at West Point, he even became a superintendent at West Point. He improved the buildings and courses. Robert married Mary Anna Randolph Custis Lee. His childrens names are Major General Custis Lee, W.H.F. Lee, Captain Robert E.
Lee Jr., Mary Lee, Mildred Lee was the youngest, and Agnes Lee. Robert E. Lee married two years after he graduated in 1829 and married in 1831. Mary is George Washingtons granddaughter. Lee was away so much of the time they almost never got to see each other. They had to write letters to keep in touch.
Lee mostly traveled alone. Mary inherited many slaves and they stayed with her while she was alone. After the war Lee went home and nursed his sick wife. Mary had arthritis and was put in a wheelchair. Lee was a very brave, honest, and smart man.
He was a soldier, yet a nurturer. Lee wouldnt allow anything said bad about Grant. War broke out on the border of Texas between United States and Mexico. The Generals were impressed with Lees supervised buildings of bridges. In 1855 Lee became a lieutenant cournal of the calvary and was assigned Texas frontier.
He protected settlers from attacks from the Apache and Comanche Indians. Lee hated slavery like the North, but he lived in the South. The South hated Lincoln and the North and the South started to separate. Abraham Lincoln asked Lee if he wanted to be a general for the North, but Lee said No. He wanted to stay in his home state, Virginia.
Lee was the first military advisor to President Jefferson Davis. On May 1861 Lee became a General. He helped draw plans for the Confederate forces in Virginia. In the Spring of 1864 Lee first met Grant in battle. There was a series of bloody battles called the Wilderness campaign. Grant destroy the Confederates with large forces and guns.
Finally in 1865 Lee became general and chief of all Confederate forces. After General Johnston was wounded, Lee became a General. Lee helped plan many battles such as when they fought General Burnside. Richmond fell in April 1865, Lees army retreated west ward. The north surrounded the Confederates.
Lee surrendered on April 9th, 1865. Grant tried to make the surrender easy. Grant allowed the Confederate soldiers to take their horses home for spring plowing. Lee said, It is well that war is so terrible or we would grow to fond of it. Lee made his last ride down enemy lines on his horse Traveler. Lee won but he also lost.
Lee lost because he lost the war, but he won because the war was over. Lee became a private citizen for first time in forty years. He could have been rich, but he came president of Washington College in Lexington, Virginia. This school was named Washington and Lee University. Lee urged students and friends to keep the peace and to accept the outcome of the war. His attitude was extremely important a time when bitterness and hatred swept across the North and the South.
In Lees home in Lexington Virginia on October 12, 1870. He died from an illness. Some people felt his death as a personal loss. He is buried in the chapel he built on campus in Lexington, along with other members of his family. They call this chapel The Shrine of the South.
It is visited by thousands of people. Lees home is preserved in Arlington National Cemetery. Lees is a legal holiday in most of the southern states near Washington D.C. January 19. Lees tombstone is called Valentine statue.