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Gandhi

Gandhi World History Gandhi “Nonviolence in its dynamic condition means conscious suffering. It does not mean a meek submission to the will of the evil-doer, but it means pitting ones whole soul against the will of the tyrant” Mohatma Gandhi “An eye for an eye makes everybody blind” summarizes Gandhis view of violence. That statement is one of the greatest things ever said, and was borrowed by other world leaders including Martin Luther King Jr. Gandhi did not believe in violence as a technique of achieving his goal of an independent India. He preached non-violent non cooperation. Gandhi considered non-violent non cooperation as requireing more courage and dedication then violence.

Through the methods he used in his campaign for the Free India he proved the previous statement to be true. Many people would find “non-violence in its dynamic condition” ironic. By the word non-violence Gandhi did not mean mere ignorance of the injustices that came upon his people, He supported active non cooperation, organizing non-violent marches and other events to protest the unfairness of the British occupation of India. In the salt marches Gandhi protested the British monopoly on salt and the salt tax Indians had to pay. He tried to a provoke violent a response from the colonial government.

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Such a response would show him to the world as a victim and not a tyrant. This approach would expose the British injustice and would get the worlds public opinion on hGandhis side. As a result, even the English people supported his independence movement. Gandhis non-violent non cooperation required much more bravery and devotion then violent techniques used by some other Indian independence leaders. During a march on a salt plant organized by Gandhi, men stood in line to approach the guards.

When they approached, the men stood defenseless, while the guards beat them with sticks. As the beaten men were carried away new ones came forward. In this symbolic event the Indian people suffered greatly to show the world the cruelty of the colonial authorities and the persistence of the peple of India to achieve independence. Another showing of the British cruelty was the massacre, where protesters stood peacefully while the British soldiers gunned them down. After this event the entire world supported Indian independence.

Non-violence was successful. In non-violent non cooperation Gandhi captured the support of the entire nation. Under his leadership millions of Indians sacrificed for the cause of freedom by non-violent methods. People stood defenseless while being beaten or killed to show the world the inhumane policies of the British. Non-violent non cooperation is one of the most difficult and painful policies to be dedicated to. Information from the following sources was used in this paper: The Movie Ganhdi, A History of World Societies, The Illustrated World Encyclopedia, The 20th Century Encyclopedic Dictionary, the movie To Do the Right Thing.

Gandhi

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the achievement of Mahatma
Gandhi. Mahatma’s name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi was a Indian
political and spiritual leader that lived from 1869 to 1948. In South Africa he
fought for Indian population and practiced law there as well. He worked hard for
Indian independence from Great Britain and He gave up on western ways to have
a abstinence and spiritual life. Most of his fights was by him fasting until the
violence has ended. His achievements were all by his fight against violence and
the unfairness in this world. He has helped a lot of people by fighting against
violence and the Indian population.

Gandhi helped everywhere he went like when Gandhi was still deeply
involved in Champaran, he received news about the labor conditions in Ahmedabad
and he went right on to right a letter to Bhai Ambalalji who was a mill-owner.
He doesn’t interrupt in affairs of family relationships because he doesn’t want to
be involved in any affairs. Gandhi’s achievement was all for the good of the
people and was all volunteering. His success in South Africa brought him to India
and he has planned to use the same method that he has used in South Africa for
the campaign which was a geographic strategy that would soon be in a sense that
he has conquered the world. Gandhi was a caring person because he said the site
of his “home” would be a poor town in a poor city in the center of India.
(Gandhi’s truth page 291 line 10) That meant that even if he had a lot of money
he would still help the poor and live with them. He has put his life on the line
many times by becoming a passive resistance as a way to end the British rule but
his efforts forced the British to put him in jail many times but he had threatened
them that he will fast until his death which made them release him from jail. He
has helped the poor in the Caste system by leading the fight in the Indian
National Congress to get rid of the Caste system mainly the untouchables.
Unfortunate he was unsuccessful in doing so. Gandhi believed in not killing
animals for food or clothing. He believed that the way people behave is more
important than what they achieve.
Gandhi succeeded because in 1915 he returned to India and within five
years, he became the leader of the Indian nationalist movement. In 1919, the
British government introduced the Rowlatt bills to make it unlawful to organize
opposition to the government. He led a campaign and has prevented one of the
bills from happening. This is one of his main successfulnessin his life. The event
that has made Gandhi really determined was when a British general ordered his
mens to fire onan unarmed crowd which the result was that 400 Indians was
killed. Gandhi was determined by using one of his strategies which was to begin
an program of hand spinning and weaving about 1920. This program helped to
fight independence by aiding economic freedom by making India self-sufficient in
cloth, it promoted social freedom through the dignity of labor, and it advanced
political freedom by preparing Indians for self government. In 1930, He led
hundreds of followers on a 200 mile march to the sea to make salt. This was the
salt act, which made it a crime to possess salt not bought from the government.
He should be honored because he was jailed for seven years in prison for political
activity and he believed in going to jail for a good cause.He is really a
reasonable man that bases everything on rights and helping out other people that
is in need. Gandhi was awarded by becoming the international symbol of a free
India, dressing in a simple loin cloth and shawl. Also by the Indians revered him
as Mahatma meaning “Great Soul”. He is considered to be one of India’s hero
because of his fights for freedom and nonviolence. In 1947 India was granted
freedom. Gandhi was saddened also by the rioting between Hindus and Muslims
that followed. In 1948, On Gandhi’s way to his evening prayer meeting, Gandhi
was assassinated by a Hindu fanatic who objected to Gandhi’s tolerance for the
Muslims. The Hindu fanatic shot Gandhi three times which shocked the whole
world. Gandhi lived his life just the way he wanted helping other people and
winning freedom and India. On January 28, 1948, two days prior to his
assassination he said ” If I am to die by the bullet of a mad man, I must do so
smiling. There must be no anger within me. God must be in my heart and on my
lips”. His last words were “H Ram”.
In conclusion, disagreeing to popular belief there were many failed attempts
on the life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the Mahatma. On June 30th 1946
speaking at a Prayer Meeting at Pune, after an unsuccessful assassination attempt,
the Mahatma said, “By the grace of God I have been saved from the proverbial
jaws of death seven times. I have not ever hurt any body. I consider no one to
be an enemy, so I fail to understand why there have been so many attempts on
my life? The attempt on my life yesterday failed. I am not ready to die just yet.
I am going to live till I reach 125 years. ” Out of these attempts five are known
and involve the Pune branch of the Hindu Mahasabha. Three of which also point
to the involvement of Narayan Apte and Nathuram Godse. Godse Apte and the
Mahasabha as well as their off shoot the Rasthtriya Swayamsevak Sanghhave
always claimed that the Mahatma was murdered because he was unfair to the
Muslims, because he was responsible for the operation of India and because he
forced the government of India to give Pakistan 550 million (55 Crores Rs ).
Apart from the last two attempts onJanuary 20 1948 and his murder onJanuary
30 1948. Bapuji had not shown any so called unfairness towards Muslims, the
country was not divided and there was no question of giving 550 millions (55
Crores Rs ) to Pakistan. Yet the Hindu Mahasabha and the Godse Apte gang of
murderers were hell bent on killing the Mahatma.
Bibliography:
GANDHI’S TRUTH On the Origins of Militant Nonviolence
by Erik H. Erikson
Gandhi, Mohandas Karamchand
http://www.historychannel.com/perl/print_book.pl?ID=20260
Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1948)
http://search.nytimes.com/s…/fastweb?getdoc+site+site+133248+8+wAAA+mahatma%7Egand
The Life of Mahatma Gandhi
by Fischer, Louis
The Philosophy of Gandhi: A Study of His Basic Ideas
by Richards, Glyn

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