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Fishing Fishing Fishing, or angling, is the sport of trying to catch fish with a rod, reel, line and baited hooks. The sport goes back thousands of years, and it appears that fishing techniques were already quite advanced at a very early date. In the Stone Age, hooks made of both bone and stone were used to catch fish, but spearing, a more primitive method, was probably just as common. An engraving from an ancient Egyptian tomb shows that all four methods of fishing-that is, with spears, nets, rods, and lines-were in use as early as 2000BC. The Ancient Greek Poet Homer, Writing in about 800BC, also refers to the bronze hooks and horse-hair lines used by anglers.

A very old fishing hook found in Britain is thought to date from about 500BC and was dug out of the Thames River in Essex (Jarman, 4). Fishing has been enjoyed for thousands of years and must incorporate three aspects: fishing equipment, style, and location to acquire a fishing success. In order to fish you need to obtain the proper equipment: a rod, bait, and a few other accessories. The fishing rod is the most basic necessity to begin fishing. Although a fishing rod cannot be called a fishing rod unless there is a reel attached to the butt (handle) otherwise it is called a fishing pole. Most rods today are made from either hollow or solid glass-fiber (or graphite, sometimes-called carbon).

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The pole is divided into three parts the butt, middle, and the tip, so that they can be taken apart and carried very easily. From the butt, where the reel is attached, the rod tapers down to the reel. The beginner should consider a pole of the maximum length that they can handle (Jarman, 41). I would suggest that a beginner should use a medium to stiff action pole for starting out. The reel is another much needed part of equipment that one should have to fish.

A reel may hold up to or more than 100 feet a monofilament line, and it enables one to let out more line while dealing with a very large fish. Reels will come in three different sorts: casting, open-face or spinning, and a closed-face. The open-face and or closed-face are the most suitable for the beginners. When choosing a reel one should remember that if you are left-handed you should buy a right-handed wind reel and vice versa (Jarman, 42). Today the artificial lure is the bait that is used worldwide; ranging from as small as 1/8 inch long and 1/90 of an ounce in weight, or as large as 14 inches and weighing up to 4 ounces.

In the world of lures, there are thousands placed into three different groups-spinners, spoons, and plugs. Spinners are torpedo-shaped lures that come in a multitude of colors, that spin as they are pulled through the water. Spoons are just that, handleless metal spoons that wobble as they dart through the water imitating the movement of small fish. Plugs are imitation plastic fish that vary in size and shape. When choosing a plug one needs to keep in mind that the one with the most color and glamour may not be the one that attaches and catches the fish (Jarman, 48). Fishing with plugs is the most fun from my experiences, because watching the lure “swim” in the water is just so cool.

Now another type of bait is the live bait; it uses the common hook along with worms, minnows, and or maggots. These may be stored in the refrigerator for long periods if needed. Sometimes these small critters are dyed to make them look more interesting to the fish; this dates as far back as the 1490’s. Other popular hook baits are bread and cereals such as stewed wheat, barley, and hemp. Last the largest group of baits are the flies used to fly fish; they are divided up into four basic types: the dry fly, the wet fly, the nymph, and the lure, which is not used very often in fly fishing.

The dry fly is designed to imitate insects on top of the water, and the wet fly sinks below the surface and imitates newly hatched insects. The nymph and the lure try to imitate small water creatures like shrimp. In order to catch fish you must attract the fish with something and to keep them you need a hook to keep it attached to the line. All hooks have a shank end and a barbed end the shank end is used to tie the hook to the line, and the barbed end it needed to keep the fish hooked so it cannot get away. There are three different types of hooks: the spade-end, the eyed, and the snelled (comes with a piece of a nylon line already pre-attached). Depending on the type of fish you want to catch, the hooks vary in size, 1 being the largest and 20 being the smallest. It is of the utmost importance that the hooks are very sharp, top anglers recommend carrying a small sharpen-stone for hooks that are dull (Jarman, 43).

I agree with the pro angler in full, because once I was fishing with my father I got a hit so big that I nearly fell in the water. I tried to set the hook but I just yanked it out of the fish’s mouth because my hook was to dull. Once you have caught the fish, where may I ask are you going to put it? A net would be a good idea. There are two types of nets, the landing net and the keep net. The landing net is a net with a long handle that is used to lift fish out of the water.

The keep net, which is placed in the water and is used to hold the catch until it is returned to the water at the end of the day. A small folding seat is used if you plan to spend the whole day at the water. Wood and canvas seats are better than plastic or metal, simply because the color of these materials may scare the fish (Jarman, 41-49). Once you have obtained the proper equipment, y …


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