. Fascism and Communism are two different forms of government that were very similar. Fascism is a 20th century form of nationalistic, militaristic, totalitarian dictatorship that seeks to create a feasible society through strict regimentation of national and individual lives. Communism is type of government in which there is no private property and the government controls the entire economy. Communism tries to satisfy the basic needs of society by sharing work and benefits. Both theories were dictatorships that at first were loved by the people and soon later hated by them.
In October of 1922 Mussolini was named the premier. He used his militia to purge local governments of any opposition to Fascism. Under the worsening conditions when Italy was about to collapse, the Fascists party appealed to the frustrations of soldiers and the middle class. The Fascists offered a return to traditional values, promising to bring Italy back to a position of glory again. Most importantly, the Fascists offered to do something about the deteriorating conditions.
On October 24, 1917, Bolshevik forces and their allies began seizing essential centers of power. By the next morning, the Bolsheviks informed the still- assembled congress of soviets that they had taken power in the name of the Russian worker and peasant and had established a temporary government. The events of October introduced a single Communist government in Russia for the first time. Non- Bolshevik newspapers were all shut down by the summer of 1918. All Russian industries were nationalized under the Bolshevik government. After making many promises to the peasants and delivering some, Lenin and the Bolsheviks came to the seat of power after the Civil War.
Both The Fascists and the Communists targeted countries in which conditions were poor. Both groups targeted the peasants and middle class for support. The fascist and communist movements also represented attempts to create revolutionary new modern states. Even though they tried to bring about revolutionary change, they emphased the revival of a national past and a glorified country. After the Bolsheviks, Stalin became a ruler much like Mussolini. Both held a strong Totalitarian government and did not tolerate and protest against them. Propaganda was an important tactic for both parties. It was used in all aspects of the media and also included the emphasis on fear.
Despite the strong similarities between communism and Fascism there were also differences. These differences are best seen with the comparisons of the partys leaders. When Fascism first began Mussolini turned to the king for support. The then Communists overthrew Russias czar and murdered the family. Mussolini rarely used murder as a method of controlling the public; while Stalin used it to kill thousands of innocent people. Mussolini was elected to power being the obvious choice to lead the Fascists but Stalin killed off the competition and forced himself into the position of dictator.
Even though both Communists and Fascists focused on the internal affairs of theyre countries they were highly influenced by the outside. Both wanted to be ahead and make their countries the most powerful. Both leaders were fond of others and used their influences in their own rule. For example Stalin was very fond of Mussolini and took strong influence from him. With dictatorship the common people have no power or control in decisions that affect their lives. It no longer is government for the people, but a government for the governors. Both Communism and Fascism saw their success in Russia and Italy, but eventually fell into the hands of Capitalism.
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