Different Forms of Government Introduction The difference in the U.S. Government at it’s founding vrs today in reference, to the idea of small vrs big government. The Government originally had only concern with the Military, tariffs and all forms of Foreign relations Today the government regulates all aspects of a persons life. Tax,the redistributation of wealth,healthcare and have a strong influence on local governments through the withholding funds. Competing Interest Inconsistencies in Government polices can be attributed to differences in the many different public Popular Majority will not remain stable for long, since no one can please everyone people will shift their support.
Many different interest contained within a majority Political Promises must be made in order to bring together a Popular Majority. If a politician breaks these promises he risks losing future votes. Restraints on Growth of Government Reasons for the first 150 years of U.S. government remaining small. The constitution was read under a strict interpretation, stopping the government from regulating business and leaving an income tax. Independent agencies were not given power,due to the Supreme court not allowing it. Prevailing interest of the time did not welcome the Federal governments intervention in such places as commerce and labor relations.
Amendments allowed congress to raise taxes and opened up a wide range of new legislation. The Great Depression and it’s “New Deal” created many new systems that were completely new at the time such as Social Security, Unemployment insurance, and Bureaucracies to run these systems were created. The Framers intended for Small Government through the system of checks and balances,making it hard for the government from doing too much. Large Government is entrenched because many people want it and it would be very difficult to trim back the Government. Reagan tried to and failed.He failed because any part of Government once created has many supporters. Consequences of Activist Government Staff grows just to keep up with current ramifications of Legislation and have less time to deal with new ideas Bureaucratization of all aspects occur due to the Large amount of things to deal with.
Staff and agencies get more influence in government as their roles increase. The Office of Management and Budget and the National Security Council gain Power through the expansion of Power. The bigger the Government is the more it will act inconsistent,different goals and lack of communication cause this. The activist Government is less in the control of the Electorate. When the Government did little policies were based more on the next election than they are now. Today there is more of a blur of what our elected officials do which causes apathy among voters.
The Activist Government by trying to do more gets blamed for everything. From crime to the price of Gas, its the Governments fault for everything. By trying to regulate more it gains the blame for things that it does not cause. The Influence of Structure It gives local Governments and people more rights and power. An analogy is set up between our semi- decentralized government and that of Britain.
It states that if the U.S. was under the British parliamentary system people would have little legal recourse against a law,taxes would be higher ,scandals would not come out,and policies would change rapidly with changes in the Majority. The influence of Ideas Though the Government is growing it is not becoming the “Big Brother” Of Orwell’s “1984” solely by the ever increasing concept of “Rights” or Civil liberties. The courts of the U.S. are the most heavily trafficked in the world. The government has to abide by these right like a set of rules. The right to Privacy act,the Freedom of information act and Administrative Procedure Act all restrict what the Government can do.
Summery The Idea of Large Government is no longer a question,but how to make it run more efficiently or even more consistently is a good one. The size of government will continue to expand unless,some simplification can take place.The bigger the Government gets the more people expect out of it,and the less certain they are about getting it.