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Death Penalty

Death Penalty Oklahoma executed Sean Sellers, who was sixteen when he murdered his parents, February 1999. This marked the first time in forty years that such a young offender was executed in the United States. Criticism and calls for clemency came from around the world, including Archbishop Desmond Tutu, the American Bar Association, and Amnesty International. These events that have occurred in our country are tearing it apart at its seams: the death penalty and the divided America it has created. Long before the first prisons were built there was the penalty of death. The Greeks and Hebrews developed a specific ritual for execution by stoning.

Death by a thousand cuts was popular in China where small bits of flesh were carved away over a period of days or weeks. In the 19th century India elephants were sometimes used to make executions especially excruciating. While in England people convicted of capital crimes were hung, disemboweled, and quartered. For a century, animals also found their way into the gallows; in 1396 a pig accused of fatally injuring a child was dressed in the suit of a man and publicly hanged. Nearly four centuries have passed since the first documented lawful execution on American soil in 1608. The early ways of execution were adapted from the British, even though the colonies were thought to be more humane. In England burning at the stake, quartering, and disemboweling were still common place, hanging was the choice method of killing convicts in the colonies.

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However, the public hangings still had the festive carnival atmosphere as they did in Europe. Lynching was an unofficial form of execution and was widespread in early America. 1,540 documented lynchings were performed at its peak in the 1890s, during that time 1,098 authorized government executions were performed. It would seem that injecting someone with deadly chemicals would be less expensive than keeping them incarcerated for the rest of their life. The best studies on the cost of the death penalty show that it costs about two million dollars more per execution in a state with capital punishment than for a system that imposes life imprisonment. From 1994 to 1976 an extra cost of one billion dollars has been spent on the death penalty. The state of Ohio spent at least $1.5 million to kill Wilford Berry a mentally ill man who wanted to be executed.

In the end it would have cost half as much to keep him in prison for his entire life. From the days of slavery when African Americans were considered property, through the years of lynchings and Jim Crow laws, capital punishment has always been affected by race. Unfortunately, the days of racial bias in the death penalty have not come to an end and become a memory of the past. In 1980, Clarence Brandley was charged with the murder of a white high school girl and later exonerated in 1990. One of you two is going to hang for this. Since youre the nigger youre elected, a Texas police officer told Brandley while he was being arrested.

Two studies were performed pertaining to racial discrimination and the death penalty. One was by two of the countrys best researchers on race and capital punishment, David Baldus and George Woodworth. They studied the likely hood of being sentenced to the death penalty based on race and discovered if you were an African American in Philadelphia being charged of a crime that a Caucasian was also being charged of, the African has a 38% greater chance of conviction. Professor Jeffrey Pokorak performed the second study. He discovered that the key decision-makers in death cases around the country are almost exclusively white.

Virginia leads the country in the number of defense attorneys that are African Americans with eight out of 121 Defense Attorneys currently practicing. While Missouri is second only to Texas in the number of white defense attorneys there is no Hispanic or African Defense Attorneys currently in the circuit. 1999 was a year of controversy for the death penalty, the rise in executions is at an all time high and the drop in death penalty support is at an all time low. Last year the number of executions went up 44% from 43 executions in 1998 to 98 executions in 1999. This was the largest number of executions performed in a single year since the death penalty was reinstated in 1976. But also the number of innocent people freed from death row increased in 1999, with the release of 8 more prisoners.

Also in 1999 a Gallup Poll in February recorded the lowest support for the death penalty in 13 years. It can also be said that 1999 was a notable year for the electric chair and other methods of execution. The execution of Allen Davis in July was an event that wont soon be forgotten. He was put to death by the electric chair in Florida, pictures of the deceased showed his shirt covered in blood from his pouring face, a large tight collar around his neck and a traumatized face. Because of this execution the constitutionality of Floridas electric chair was eventually held up in Floridas Supreme Court in a 4-3 vote.

The United States Supreme Court will hear the case in February of 2000. Along with Allen Davis two other men were put to death by the electric chair last year, 94 men died by lethal injection and one man was executed in the gas chamber. Despite the number of executions last year, many prominent leaders from across the political scene raised objections to the death penalty. Pope John Paul II, while speaking in Missouri, called for an end to the death penalty in what might be his last visit to the United States. Justice Paul Pfiefer of the Ohio Supreme Court, and one of the writers of the states death penalty law, has spoken against the death penalty and its morality.

Mary Robinson the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights has also publicly addressed the issue. The mentally retarded and mentally ill convicts make up 6% of all convicts that have been executed since 1976 when the death penalty was reinstated. But the criticism given to the United States on the fact of executing the mentally unsound has been to ignore it. At least 34 individuals with identified mental retardation have been executed though not every prisoner is tested. Psychological testing of all the inmates on death row in Mississippi showed that 27% were within range of potential mental retardation.

The number of those suffering from mental illness represents an additional concern. A recent report from the Department of Justice revealed that at least 16% of all inmates in the nations prisons suffer from mental illness. United States law prohibits the execution of the insane, but this is a very rarely met standard. Two of the more bizarre cases of mental illness are the cases of Rickey Ray Rector and Varnall Weeks. In 1992, then presidential candidate Governor Bill Clinton returned to Arkansas to preside over the execution of Rickey Ray Rector, a man whose brain had been lobotomized and who believed he could return to his cell for dessert after his execution.

Varnall Weeks was executed in Alabama in 1995 despite the fact that psychologists testifying both for Weeks and the State agreed that he suffered from pervasive and bizarre religious delusions. These delusions caused him to believe that he was God, that his execution was part of a millennial religious scheme to destroy mankind, and that he would not die but rather he would be transformed into a tortoise and reign over the universe. As the new millennium approaches, the United States finds itself drifting into isolation because of the issue of capital punishment. Right now, no other issue is pushing the United States further apart from its allies and growing consensus of international law than the death penalty. The costs to the U.S.

in terms of international stature and vital cooperation from other countries are enormous. 105 countries of the world have abolished the death penalty. The previous Russian President Boris Yeltsin in 1999 commuted over 700 death sentences to life in a step towards ending the death penalty and paving the way for Russias admission to the council of Europe. The 40-nation council of Europe meeting in Strasbourg called for a ban on the death penalty. The death penalty has gone under much scrutiny and inspection.

Its history, cost, racial discrimination, and the difficulties we may or may not face by having it instated is isolating us from our fellow allies. Other countries see capital punishment as an uncivil unmoral act but because of the controversy and mixed feelings of America and its citizens it has kept it instated. The death penalty is dividing our country from its allies and because of this we as a country need to decide whether to fully support it or to abandon it as other countries have done. Bibliography.

Death Penalty

Death Penalty Is the Death Penalty Right or Wrong? Should we be able to execute people that have been convicted of murder or should we give them a chance to break out of jail and maybe kill other people. Well the Death Penalty has been around for a while ever since the Old West use to hang people for punishment. It is not cruel if you use the lethal injection but I could believe being electrocuted would hurt a little. Is the Death Penalty ethical or is it inhumane. Well some people can argue what would happen you sentience some on death row and he was innocent.

The people for it will argue that if they killed some one why shouldn’t they be killed. The people that are agents the death penalty are worry about what happens is they would execute some one that was innocent. Science 1900 23 innocent people have been executed. That is a lot of people to put to death that haven’t done anything wrong to be killed for. A lawyer fee for a death penalty sentience is between 1.5 to 3 million dollars. There for only the rich people could ovoid the death penalty and get life and have a chance to get out of jail.

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People also say that it is inhuman to do that but what they did you the victim is also inhuman. People are saying that you are doing the same thing as the person did to the victim and it is not morally right.

Death Penalty

Death Penalty I believe the death penalty should be abolished. I believe it should be abolished because it does not help curb crime. Another reason is It is not morally fair or just. We cant be absolute in making sure people are guilty of the crime. It is more expensive than Imprisonment. The judgments are not completely impartial.

I believe it is cruel and unusual punishment which is against the law. The death penalty does not help prevent crime. The murder rates in states with the death penalty are no lower than states without. The USA is the only Western democracy with the death penalty and we have the highest murder rate. Canadas murder rate fell the same year they abolished the death penalty.

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I do not think that penalties affect the crimes that people commit that much I believe penalties help curb the peoples with criminal tendencies. We cannot make sure that everyone on death row is guilty. Since 1970 over 70 people have been released from death row because of evidence of there innocence. Between 1900 and 1985 350 people were wrongfully executed. A black person who killed a white person is 40 times more likely than a white person who killed a black person to be sentenced to the death penalty. The US is one of only five nations who have executed children or anyone who was under18 at the time of the crime.

The other countries are: Iran, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. This violates The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. A small number of countries continue to execute children. During 1994 2,331 prisoners were executed in 37 countries. 4,032 prisoners were sentenced to death in 75 countries. These were the only ones known to Amnesty International the true figures are probably higher.

China, Iran, and Nigeria make up 87% of the worlds executions in 1994. In 1994 China executed 1,791 prisoners. 139 were executed in Iran. Over 100 in Nigeria. There are several hundred unconfirmed executions in Iraq.

55 counties have abolished the death penalty for all crimes. 15 countries have abolished the death penalty for all crimes but exceptional crimes such as war crimes. 27 countries consider abolitionists de facto but have not executed anyone in ten years or more. 97 countries retain the death penalty. Less than one percent of paroled murderers commit another murder. People who commit noncapital crimes and have served their full sentence are more likely to be repeat offenders.

If this punishment is humane how come the put a hood on the prisoners? They do it to spare the witnesses and executioners the prisoners facial contortions caused by the pain. In 1992 a prisoner had an extremely violent reaction to a lethal injection and he gagged and had muscle spasms for 11 minutes until he died. In 1994 it took five minutes for David Lawson to die in a gas chamber while the whole time screaming “Im Human!” Most of the people who were convicted of the death penalty and killed but were found to be not guilty after the executions were convicted because of race, religion, and economic status. In 1993 Christopher Burger was executed at the age of 33 he had the intellectual capacity of a 12 yr old child. He was 17 when he was convicted of murdering a man.

He was abused by parents, organic brain impairment, nervous severe trauma to the central nervous system, and schizophrenic. This was not brought up during the trial. You have to be at least be 15 to be executed. anything less is considered cruel and unusual punishment. I think the death penalty is wrong and should not be used.

I say this because the USA is the only western democracy to use the death penalty but we have the highest murder rate. The death penalty is also not used on an impartial basis most of the people who are convicted are poor and of color. They also use painful and cruel punishments. The death penalty goes against the United Nations views. I believe that everyone has the right to live. Nature will take care of you if you are not the fittest.

Execution costs more than 40 years imprisonment at high security. So all these arguments for the death penalty are not correct. It does not cost less and it is not the only way prevent repeat.

Death Penalty

Death by execution has existed as a punishment since the dawn of time.Yet although this has existed seemingly forever, the question of its morality has also existed for that same amount of time.Killers kill innocent people, there is no question about that, but does that give us the right to kill these killers? I do not think so.

Racism is often the driving force behind crime.Yet in a justice system that preaches equality, it too is led by racism.There is a pattern of evidence indicating racial disparities in the charging, sentencing, and imposition of the death penalty according to a 1990 U.S. Government report.An overwhelming majority of death row defendants since 1977 were executed for killing whites despite the fact that whites and blacks are victims of murder in approximately equal numbers.In Texas, for example, blacks found guilty of killing whites were found to be six times more likely to receive the death penalty that whites convicted of killing whites.Of the 3,061 inmates on death row 1,246 of them are black, making 40% of death row inmates black.Compare this to the fact that blacks make up 12% of the U.S. population. Furthermore, many black prisoners on death row were sentenced to death by all-white juries after prosecutors had deliberately excluded black people from the jury pool.

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Racism alone is not the only problem with Capital Punishment.Many inmates on death row suffer from mental retardation.The 1984 ECOSOC safeguards state that the death penalty must not be carried out on persons who have become insane, while the ECOSOC resolution 1989/64 on the execution of the 1984 safeguards recommends that UN member states eliminate the death penalty for persons suffering from mental retardation or extremely limited competence. Amnesty International has documented the cases of more than 50 prisoners suffering from mental illness or mental retardation who have been executed in the U.S. in the past decade.Humanitarian standards maintain that mentally impaired people should not be held criminally responsible for their acts.The prohibition against executing insane recognizes that killing people who cannot comprehend the nature or purpose of their punishment is not a deterrent or retribution.Despite all this the mentally ill are still being executed.

Innocent people will be killed if the death penalty is kept in the same way that it is used today.Three hundred fifty people convicted of capital crimes in the U.S. between 1900 and 1985 were innocent of the crimes charged, according to a 1987 study.Some prisoners escaped execution by minutes, but 23 were not so lucky and found innocent of their crimes after they had been put to death.

A U.S. Congressional report by the House Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights in October 1993 listed 48 condemned men who had been freed from death row since 1972.The report blamed inadequate legal safeguards to prevent wrongful executions and listed numerous built-in flaws in the criminal justice system.The report concluded: Judging by past experience, a substantial number of death row inmates are indeed innocent, and there is a high risk that some of them will be executed.

The death penalty violates the right to life, and subjects the prisoner to the ultimate form of cruel, inhumane or degrading punishment which goes against the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Declaration, adopted by the United Nations in 1948, proclaims each persons right to protection from deprivation of life, and it also states that no one shall be subjected to cruel or degrading punishment.The pre-meditated and cold-blooded killing of prisoners in state custody violates these rights.Over half the worlds countries have abolished in law or practice capital punishment.43 nations have abolished the death penalty since 1976, the year it was reinstated in the U.S., placing us among such bastions of fairness and justice as Iran and China.

The new evangelization calls for followers of Christ who are unconditionally pro-life: who will proclaim, celebrate and serve the Gospel of life in every situation.A sign of hope is the increasing recognition that the dignity of human life must never be taken away, even in the case of someone who has done great evil.Modern society has the means of protecting itself, without definitively denying criminals the chance to reform.I renew the appeal I made most recently at Christmas for a consensus to end the death penalty, which is both cruel and unnecessary.

-Pope John Paul II, January 27, 1999, St. Louis
The death penalty which violates these rights cannot be justified as a necessary public safety measure because detailed research, both in the U.S. and other countries, has produced no evidence that the death penalty deters crime more effectively than other punishments.This is not surprising, most persons who murder are not thinking rationally when they commit the crime.The threat of execution at some future date does not enter the minds of killers acting under of drugs and/or alcohol, in the grip of fear or rage, or while panicking during the commission of another crime.

Personally I feel that the death penalty is an immoral act of legislature which does not take into account the prejudices of the people who enforce the law.Racism exists along with the execution of the innocent and mentally retarded.This inhumane act serves the same purpose as life in jail but at a much greater cost.We should spend more money on crime prevention than the enforcement of punishments.

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