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Death Of A Salesman

Death Of A Salesman Analysis of Death of a Salesman The tragedy of a family The play Death of a Salesman was written by Arthur Miller in 1949. He was born on October 17, 1915 in New York City. Most of Millers works emphasizes the common man struggling through the misconceptions and false illusions that modern society imposes. In the case of Death of a Salesman, Miller uses social realism, which is the attempt to describe human behavior and surroundings or to represent figures and objects exactly as they act or appear in life (Encarta 1). The main themes of this play are the idea of the American dream and what it takes to success, the struggle to distinguish between reality and illusion, and the emotional problems of the family. Death of a Salesman is the story of the Loman family, especially Willy, trying to accomplish the American dream, but with no success. Willy Loman is married to Linda, and his two sons are Biff and Happy.

Other characters as Ben, Charley, Bernard, and the women in the hotel play a major role in Willys downfall through the story. Willy has always wanted to be successful and well-liked among people, but he has not accomplished anything. Miller presents a common man, Willy, as the tragic character of the play. In an article Miller states, I think the tragic feeling is evoked in us when we are in the presence of a character who is ready to lay down his life, if need be, to secure one thing his sense of personal dignity (Miller, 1). In this article Miller clearly conveys that a person will sacrifice anything, even his or her own life, to protect his or her dignity. In Death of a Salesman Willy is willing to sacrifice anything to accomplish his dreams of being successful and known as a powerful salesman.

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The play starts with Willy returning home from a sales trip. He is getting old and tired of traveling long distances. His two sons, Biff and Happy, are visiting the family. Willy tells Linda he does not know why Biff is lost, without a job, and no money. Willy expects his two sons, especially Biff, to become successful, but he has not realized that even his two sons are incapable of succeed. Willy has immersed himself into a world of illusions.

He is always tormented with the hopes and dreams he had years ago. Throughout the play Willy has flashbacks of his life, which are somehow related to the present events. Biff and Happy discuss in their bedroom about how Willy is becoming senile in his old age. Willy is in the kitchen remembering how Biff used to be popular in high school and the superstar of the football team. Willy has the wrong ideas about life. He believes that all it takes to be successful in life is to be well liked.

He tells his sons, Be liked and you will never want. You take me, for instance. I never have to wait in line to see a buyer. Willy Loman is here! Thats all they have to know, and I go through (DiYanni, 1142). In a sense, Willy is lying to his sons and to himself.

He thinks he is well-liked, but in reality he is not. Another influence in Willys downfall through the play is the presence of his brother Ben in his dreams. Ben tells Willy that he became rich when he went to Africa and found a mine of diamonds. One might think Ben is not real, yet to Willy, Ben is very real. Ben is another driving force behind Willys idea of success.

As the play continuous, Willy becomes more involved in his dreams. He also remembered when Biff caught him with another women in a hotel during a business trip. Although Biff does not like what his father did, he feels sorry for him. Willy lives a life filled with false hopes. Biff and Happy tell him that they are going to talk with Bill Oliver, Biffs previous employer, to start a sporting good business.

The next day, the Loman Family goes to the Franks Chop House where Biff and Happy invited Willy and Linda. In the restaurant Willy finds out that his two sons did not talk to Bill about the new business and when Willy goes to the bathroom Biff and Happy leave the restaurant with a couple of women. After returning home, Willy is upset and ready to commit suicide. He wants to plan something in the garden before he dies. Willy also thinks that by committing suicide he will help Biff with the twenty thousand he will get.

At the end, Willy eventually killed himself leaving behind a tragic life and a family immersed in a world of illusions with no hopes. Bibliography Work Cited DiYanni, Robert. Literature: Reading Fiction, Poetry, and Drama. Compact Edition. McGraw Hill, 2000. 395-530.

Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2000. Miller, Arthur, 1997-2000 Microsoft Corporation. 12/03/2000. Miller, Arthur. Tragedy and the Common Man.


Death of a Salesman

Final Essay
The poem My Heart Leaps Up by William Wordsworth can being interpreted in many ways therefore it can be related to the play Death of A Salesman by Arthur Miller in a variety of ways. If the poem is broken down line by line a direct relationship can being established with play. With each line in the poem representing a certain scene or feeling during the play.

The first two line of the poem, My heart leaps up when I behold A rainbow in the sky: This shows how much Biff appreciates the things in nature. This is proven in the play when Biff says, I belong outside working with my hands on a ranch or something. It can also be related to how Biff believes that people should do what comes to them naturally. Biff when talking to his mother Linda explains this Theyve laughed at dad for years, and you know why? Because we dont belong in this nuthouse of a city! We should be mixing cement on some plain, or-or carpenters. A carpenter is allowed to whistle. The next three lines of the poem just go to show how he has believed this to be true through out his whole life.
The line in the poem The child is the father of the man; presents a major theme of the book. It describes how the roles are reversed between Biff and Willy. By the end of the play Biff the son is trying to teach Willy the father that theres nothing special about them in the business world. Biff tells Willy Pop! Im a dime a dozen, and so are you!. Willy responds with I am not a dine a dozen! I am Willy Loman, and you are Biff Loman . Finally Biff put his foot down like a father would do to a son and tells Willy I am not a leader of men, Willy, and neither are you. You were never anything but a hard-working drummer who landed in the ash can like all the rest of them! Im one dollar an hour, Willy! I tried seven states and couldnt raise it. A buck an hour! Do you gather my meaning? Im not bringing home any prizes any more, and youre going to stop waiting for me to bring them home.Through out the entire speech Biff treats Willy like a child he calls him by his first name and he gives him orders.

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The last two lines of the poem And I wish my days to be Bound each to each by natural piety. This describes how Biff tries to be like his father in some parts of his life. Biff wishes he could be as devoted to something as much as Willy is devoted to his family, and Biff loves Willy for this devotion. When Willy is slipping into another one of flashbacks and is acting strange Biff sticks up for him and says Miss.Forsythe, youve just seen a prince walk by. A fine, troubled prince. A hard-working, unappreciated prince. A pal, you understand? A good companion. Always for his boys. Willy himself realizes how much Biff loves him when Biff cries to Willy. Willy when talking to Ben says, Loves me. Always loved. Isnt that a remarkable thing? Ben, hell worship me for it!
Though the poem brings out many of the major point in the play it talks mostly about Biff. The poem talks about the past, present, and future with all the changes taking place through that time. Thats why the poem mostly describes Biff since he is the only person who really changes through out the play. Willy, Happy, and Linda stay pretty much the same. While Biff realizes that his father blew him full of hot air and hell never get anywhere in life if he tries to be what his father wants him to be.

Death of a salesman

Capitalism in “Death of a Salesman”, is undermining to the human spirit
and human condition. In “Death of a Salesman”, money was the Loman’s biggest issue.
That’s is not to say that if he had money it would not have made things better. Willy left
home with financial problems, he came home with financial problems. To Willy it was
never enough. He never made enough, he wasn’t the man that he portrayed to be to the
children. But with Willy it was always his bills, bills, bills.
“Willy: What do we owe?
Linda: Well, on the first there’s sixteen dollars on the refrigerator-
Willy: Why sixteen?
Linda: Well, the fan belt broke, so it was a dollar eighty.
Willy: But it’s brand new.

Linda: Well, the man said that’s the way it is. Till they work themselves in, y’know.

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Willy: I hope we don’t get stuck on that machine.

Linda: They got the biggest ads of any of them!
Willy: I know, it’s a fine machine. What else?
Linda: Well, There’s nine-sixty for the washing machine. And for the vacuum cleaner
there’s three and a half due on the fifteenth. Then the roof you got twenty-one dollars

Willy: It don’t leak, does it?
Linda: No, they did a wonderful job. Then you owe Frank for the carburetor.”
Linda Loman, was the wife of Willy Loman. She never complained about money,
her biggest issue was to make sure that her husband didn’t run himself raggedy with
mental problems. She always thought that they would make it. Linda was very
assertive, and never had anything bad to say.

“Willy: You’re not worried about me, are you, sweetheart?
Biff: What’s the matter?
Happy: Listen!
Linda: You’ve got too much on the ball to worry about.

Willy: You’re my foundation and my support, Linda.

Linda: Just relax, dear. You make mountains out of molehills.”
Happy Loman is one of Willy Lomans son. He has a stable job and he loans his
mother money from time to time. Happys only thing is that at work he doesn’t get the
kind of recognition that he feels that he deserves, and that no one understands his father.


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