And 1877 That Amounted To A RevolutionIn what ways and to what extent did constitutional and social development between 1860 and 1877 amount to a revolution?
There are many ways that constitutional and social developments caused a revolution. There are a few important developments that will be mentioned. The first one is the secession of 1860, which was a constitutional development. Some other constitutional developments that caused conflict were the Emancipation Proclamation, three civil rights bills, and the reconstruction. Some social developments that caused conflict were the Freedmen’s Bureau, the Black Codes, and the Ku Klux Klan.
One of the social developments was the Freedmen’s Bureau. The Freedmen’s Bureau was supposed to give Homesteads to the freed slaves but none of the promises by the government were kept, as stated in Document E. The freedmen were getting very angry. In document I the picture shows that this is worse than slavery because of the Ku Klux Klan and the White League made it hard for them and the freedmen had no rights.
One of the constitutional developments that caused a revolution had to do with the South Carolina Declaration of Causes of Secession, which is stated in Document A. South Carolina was the first to secede and then others followed and this angered the U.S. because they still considered that to be their land.
In Document B Senator John Sherman stated that the policy of this country should be to make everything national. He thinks that if we were dependent on the United States we shall have a more generous nationality. Sherman stated, “It has been that principle of state rights, that bad sentiment that has elevated state authority above national authority, that has been the main instrument by which our government is sought to be overthrown.” This means that because we gave the states too much power and rights in government that this is the reason of our government being overthrown.
Another development that caused a revolution was the Reconstruction Act. This act put too many restrictions on the south. One way was that it established military governors police power and expected to register new electorate voters, just to name a few. This made the south angrier and a revolution was insight.
Looking at Document F you can see that Senator Lot Morrill thinks that the Civil Rights Act of 1866 is revolutionary. But he was mad because there was already a revolution taking place and nobody knew or cared. The speech brought up many questions about what had to be fixed and what kind of revolution would occur.
These are the many developments that brought on a revolution that helped or hurt the country. This is one of the revolutions that helped shape this country.