.. the sport or even the school may take place. Theres a belief that the use of illegal drugs and performance-enhancing drugs, and abuse of alcohol constitute a threat to the integrity of intercollegiate athletics. It also creates a danger to the health and the careers of the student-athlete. As soon as a student athlete joins and decides to participate in an inter-collegiate team, the war begins for the coaches and their staff to keep their players on the right track and not let them get caught up in the state of mind that every athlete is more likely to engage in the drug abuse than non-athletes. And also that drugs are not the answer to a lot of their questions.
To prevent the problem a lot of universities around the world have adopted programs to educate their student-athletes to the personal risks and dangers of drug use and abuse. Another main focus of these programs is to try to prevent the involvement before it becomes a problem. And if a problem does occur, try to provide treatment, and rehabilitation. Therefore they can detect the problem at an early stage. Although the odds are against the probability of making a drug free inter-collegiate program, its a good attempt to try to minimize the use or abuse of drugs by any student-athlete.
Some athletes are more prone to abuse steroids than are others. Its an obvious fact that football players have the highest rate of steroid abuse, because of the fact that their game has more to do with strength use than others. The higher the level of competition is the more chance there is to find an athlete abusing drugs. The effect of steroids might be good in the beginning, but the lasting effects can be crucial to ones own image. Now that steroid use has been prohibited by almost all-legitimate sporting organization, urine testing just prior to the athletic event has become commonplace. Although many athletes attempt to avoid steroid detection, its usually not worth it in the end. The use of drug tests to test students for drug and alcohol use is a new technique used by schools today. After undertaking previous prevention efforts that proved ineffective in stopping the increase of drug use, the policy of random drug testing was adopted, along with very detailed procedures to ensure the accuracy of the testing, while minimizing its relative intrusiveness (www.ed.gov/offices/OESE/ACTGUID/drugath.html). Students in drug testing facilities must identify any prescription medication that they are talking at the time.
A procedure widely used today is that of random drug testing. This procedure consists of a random selection of students chosen to be tested at different times, making sure that no drugs come up in their system. Many times students are told the night before a testing to make sure that there is not enough time for students to make arrangements for a drug cover-up or even a small chance of having your system flushed of all inappropriate materials in your body. If a student does not show up for their individual test then they are declared a failure and will have to face the consequences of suspension or even dismissal from the sport. Gender difference in drug testing plays a small role in how students and athletes are tested for drug abuse.
Both male and female students enter the testing room with a monitor of the same sex. The observer stands close enough to the student to listen for normal sounds of urination. Each male student remains fully clothed at all times while the testing is taking place. They produce the urine sample while a monitor stands near by to make sure that the student does not tamper with the sample. A female student follows the same steps, but are allowed to go into an enclosed facility. Monitors are not allowed in the room so they do not get a direct observation of the procedure-taking place.
The identity of the student is not taken into consideration as the school determines what drug the student might be tested for. When the tests are finished and sent to the laboratories, scientist check for the following drugs: cocaine, amphetamines, and marijuana. Scientist now and days can search for LSD and other drugs by the request of the school or the NCAA. The laboratory has a 99.94% rate of accuracy(www.ed.gov/ofices/DESE/ACTGUID/drugath.ht ml). As the results are determined, the laboratory is responsible to mail the information to the NCAA, and the athletic directors.
And they are the only ones subjected to this information. For an athlete to be successful, a strong commitment to high levels of physical and mental conditioning is required. Theres nothing that can deter an athlete from reaching their goals more than the abuse of drugs and alcohol. Athletes need to realize that they have responsibility to society, especially as role models; and that fair play is as essential to sports as winning or losing. Athletes themselves are the key to solving the problem.
Athletes at every level are looked up to by our nations as role models to kids at all ages. Go to any stadium across the nation tonight and look at the thousands of young people hanging on their seats, wearing the jerseys of their favorite players, and cheering on every good play. And, it isn’t just the pro that kids look up to. Younger children idolize their local high school athletes, and they pay careful attention to what these older children do in there off the field hours. College athletes, young people a lot of time in their teens, play before national network audiences of millions.
Our young people look up to these student athletes as much as they do the pros. When one of these athletes turns up using drugs, young people get the message that drugs are excepted, the right thing to do, or even worse, cool. Sometimes the mistake is made in believing that athletes are immune from the pressures and tensions that draw individuals to substance abuse. Nothing could be further from the truth. BIBLIOGRAPHY 1.
Albrecht, R.R., Anderson, W.A., McGrew, C.A., McKeag, D.B., & Hough, D.O. (1992). NCAA institutionally based drug testing: Do our athletes know the rules of our game? 2. Albrecht, R.R., Anderson, W.A., & McKeag, D.B. (1992).
Drug testing of college athletes. 3. Journal of alcohol and drugs education 4. HTTP://WWW.ed.gov/ofices/dese/actguid/drugath.html Sports and Games Essays.